Archon apollinus (False Apollo, Osterluzei-Apollo)
Archon apollinus, also called False Apollo or Osterluzei-Apollo is a very nice butterfly from . The first description was in 1789 by Herbst. With a wingspan of 4.5 – 5.5 cm the False Apollo is a small member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. The wings are transparent and whitish with black, red and blue spots.
Photos for easy identification
The forewings are transparent and marmorate in whitish and black. On the wing leading edge there are two big black spots. There is a chain of little black spots at the margin. Between the chain of black spots and the big black spots there are some little red spots.
The underside is a copy of upside.
The hind wings are white to yellowish and partly transparent. There is a dark and hairy area around the body. There is a chain of big black spots going backwards with blue cores and red eyeshadows.
The underside is whitish and a copy of upside, but there are some differences. There are no blue spots.
The body is a copy of upside.
Sex differences: The male is more pallid than the female.
The flight period of the False Apollo is from March to April.
The first description of this butterfly was in 1789 by Herbst. There are no subspecies, but the number and position of the red spots are variable.
The caterpillar is brown and black with many orange and thorny warts. The pupa has a silken girdl. This species overwinters as pupa.
Protection provisions / Red List
- CITES: (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora):
-no entry- (as at 23.06.2005)
- EU regulation on trading with species of wild Fauna and Flora
-no entry- (as at 19.08.2005)
- IUCN Red List of threatened species:
-no entry- (as at 2004) (see: www.redlist.org/)
- Red List of endangered species of Austria:
-unrepresented- (see: www.roteliste.at/)
- Regulation of the Viennese regional government:
-unrepresented- (see: www.wien.gv.at/recht/landesrecht-wien/rechtsvorschriften/html/l4800200.htm)
Similar and closely-related species
Archon apollinus Herbst 1789
Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree
- Kingdom: ANIMALIA
- Phylum: ARTHROPODA
- Class: INSECTA
- Order: LEPIDOPTERA
- Suborder: DITRYSIA
- Superfamily: PAPILIONOIDEA
- Family: PAPILIONIDAE
- Subfamily: PARNASSIINAE
- Tribe: PARNASSIINI
- Genus: ARCHON
- Specific name: APOLLINUS