Argynnis paphia (Silver-washed Fritillary, Kaisermantel, Silberstrich, Tabac d'Espagne)

Argynnis paphia, also called Silver-washed Fritillary or Kaisermantel is a common butterfly from Palaearctic ecozone (Europe). The first description was in 1758 by Linnaeus. With a wingspan of 6.0 – 7.0 cm the Silver-washed Fritillary is a small member of the family NYMPHALIDAE. The butterfly is orange and brown with many black spots. Furthermore the male has some black strips.


Photos for easy identification

Photo © by Mario Maier (Mario.Maier@butterflies.de)
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer; 23.06.2008 Niederösterreich
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer, 13.08.2007, Lower Austria
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer, 25.06.2007, Vienna
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer, 13.08.2007, Lower Austria
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer, 25.06.2007, Vienna
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer, 13.08.2007, Lower Austria
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer, 25.08.2007, Vienna

These are nice photos of Argynnis paphia (Silver-washed Fritillary, Kaisermantel, Silberstrich, Tabac d'Espagne). Argynnis paphia is a member of the family NYMPHALIDAE from Palaearctic (Europe).


Description

The forewings are orange and brown. Many black spots are evenly spread on the whole wing.
The underside is orange  and brown. The black spots are smaler then the spots from upside. The pinion is greenish.

The hind wings are orange and brown. The margin is ridged. Many black spots are evenly spread on the whole wing.
The underside is greenish with big silver strips. The margin is grey.

The body is brown.

Sex differences: The male has black strips on forewings.


Distribution

Silver-washed Fritillary (Argynnis paphia) is a common butterfly of the Palaearctic ecozone (Europe and Asia). The distribution include whole Europe and Asia from Arctic circle to Iran, Pakistan and China. You can see the Silver-washed Fritillary until 1000 m sea level.


This world map shows the ecozones in which this butterfly is distributed.

Flight period

The flight period of the Silver-washed Fritillary is from June to September.


Larval food

Viola, Blackberry, Raspberry


General information

The first description of this butterfly was in 1758 by Linnaeus. There are many subspecies.

The caterpillar is black with white strips and it has white thorns. The pupa has no silken girdl. This species overwinters as caterpillar.
Some of the females are dark and greenish. This dark form named valesina.


Photo © by Rudolf Faustmann
Photo © by Rudolf Faustmann

Here you can see the caterpilla and the pupa.

Photo © by Mario Maier (Mario.Maier@butterflies.de)

Here you can see the dark form of female (Argynnis paphia f. valesina).


Protection provisions / Red List

Similar and closely-related species

Childrena childreni [Gray, 1831] (Large Silverstripe, Großer Silberstrich) ASIA

Fabriciana adippe [Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775] (High Brown Fritillary, Märzfeilchenfalter)

Mesoacidalia aglaja [Linnaeus, 1758] (Dark Green Fritillary, Großer Perlmutterfalter, Le Grand Nacré)

Pandoriana pandora [Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775] (Cardinal, Grüner Silberstrich, Le Cardinal)


Scientific name

Argynnis paphia Linnaeus 1758


Synonym

 Silver-washed Fritillary
 Silberstrich, Kaisermantel
 Tabac d'Espagne
 Nacarada
 Silversträckad pärlemorfjäril, Kejsarmantel
 Keisarinviitta
Keizersmantel
Kejserkabe
Keiserkape
 Dostojka malinowiec
Perlovec striebristopásavý


Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree

To the family tree (Genus: ARGYNNIS)...


Ecozone

PALAEARCTIC (Europe)

 

To the top

Back to family Nymphalidae from PALAEARCTIC (EUROPE)

 

Apatura iris
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