Atrophaneura alcinous (Chinese Windmill)
Atrophaneura alcinous, also called Chinese Windmill is a butterfly from the . The first description was in 1836 by Klug. The wingspan is about 9 – 10 cm. This butterfly is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. Atrophaneura alcinous is black. It has yellow or red spots on its hind wings. The underside of the body has yellow or red hairs. The female is dark-brown or black.
Photos for easy identification
Here you can see some photos of Atrophaneura alcinous (Chinese Windmill) (male above / female below). Atrophaneura alcinous is a member of the
The fore wings are dark-brown or black. The veins are black.
The underside of Atrophaneura alcinous is very similar to the upside. The basic colour is dark-brown.
The hind wings of Atrophaneura alcinous are black and they have tails. The edge is wavy. At the edge there is a chain of dark-red or brown spots.
The underside is very similar to the upside.The spots are red or brown.
The body (abdomen) is black. The thorax and the head are black. The underside of head and abdomen has red or yellow hairs.
Sex differences: The female covers the upper range of the wing-span. The basic colour of the female is dark-brown or black.
Atrophaneura alcinous is a butterfly from the Palaearctic (Asia) ecozone. But, the distribution includes some parts of the Australasia / Indomalaya (Australia) ecozone. You can observe this butterfly from Bhutan until China, Japan and some parts of Russia.
- Aristolochia debilis
- Aristolochia manchuriensis
The first description of this butterfly was in 1836 by Klug. There are six subspecies.
- Atrophaneura alcinous bradanus [Fruhstorfer, 1908]
- Atrophaneura alcinous confusus [Rothschild, 1895]
- Atrophaneura alcinous loochooana [Rothschild, 1896]
- Atrophaneura alcinous mansonensis [Fruhstorfer, 1901]
- Atrophaneura alcinous miyakoensis [Omoto, 1960]
- Atrophaneura alcinous yakushimana [Esaki & Umeno, 1929]
Here you can see the subspecies Atrophaneura alcinous confusus (male above / female below).
Here you can see the subspecies Atrophaneura alcinous loochooanus (male above / female below).
Here you can see the subspecies Atrophaneura alcinous mansonensis (male above / female below).
Here you can see some macro photos of Atrophaneura alcinous.
Protection provisions / Red List
- CITES: (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora):
-no entry- (Stand: 12.02.2008)
- EU regulation on trading with species of wild Fauna and Flora:
-no entry- (Stand: 19.08.2005)
- IUCN Red List of threatened species:
-no entry- (Stand: 2008)
Similar and closely-related species
Atrophaneura alcinous Klug 1836
Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree
- Kingdom: ANIMALIA
- Phylum: ARTHROPODA
- Class: INSECTA
- Order: LEPIDOPTERA
- Suborder: DITRYSIA
- Superfamily: PAPILIONOIDEA
- Family: PAPILIONIDAE
- Subfamily: PAPILIONINAE
- Tribe: TROIDINI
- Genus: ATROPHANEURA
- Specific name: ALCINOUS