Atrophaneura alcinous (Chinese Windmill)

Atrophaneura alcinous, also called Chinese Windmill is a butterfly from the Palaearctic ecozone (Asia). The first description was in 1836 by Klug. The wingspan is about 9 – 10 cm. This butterfly is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. Atrophaneura alcinous is black. It has yellow or red spots on its hind wings. The underside of the body has yellow or red hairs. The female is dark-brown or black.



Photos for easy identification

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see some photos of Atrophaneura alcinous (Chinese Windmill) (male above / female below). Atrophaneura alcinous is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE from Palaearctic (Asia).


Description

The fore wings are dark-brown or black. The veins are black.
The underside of Atrophaneura alcinous is very similar to the upside. The basic colour is dark-brown.

The hind wings of Atrophaneura alcinous are black and they have tails. The edge is wavy. At the edge there is a chain of dark-red or brown spots.
The underside is very similar to the upside.The spots are red or brown.

The body (abdomen) is black. The thorax and the head are black. The underside of head and abdomen has red or yellow hairs. 

Sex differences: The female covers the upper range of the wing-span. The basic colour of the female is dark-brown or black.


Distribution

Atrophaneura alcinous is a butterfly from the Palaearctic (Asia) ecozone. But, the distribution includes some parts of the Australasia / Indomalaya (Australia) ecozone. You can observe this butterfly from Bhutan until China, Japan and some parts of Russia.


This world map shows the ecozones in which this butterfly is distributed.

Larval food

Aristolochiaceae:

General information

The first description of this butterfly was in 1836  by Klug. There are six subspecies.

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see the subspecies Atrophaneura alcinous confusus (male above / female below).

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see the subspecies Atrophaneura alcinous loochooanus (male above / female below).

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see the subspecies Atrophaneura alcinous mansonensis (male above / female below).


Macro photos

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer; macro photograph of Atrophaneura alcinous f (underside)
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer; macro photograph of Atrophaneura alcinous m (upside)
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer; macro photograph of Atrophaneura alcinous m (underside)

Here you can see some macro photos of Atrophaneura alcinous.


Protection provisions / Red List

Similar and closely-related species

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Scientific name

Atrophaneura alcinous Klug 1836


Other names

Chinese Windmill


Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree

To family tree (Genus: ATROPHANEURA)...    


Ecozone

PALAEARCTIC (Asia)

  

 

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Back to family Papilionidae from PALAEARCTIC (ASIA) 

 

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