Baronia brevicornis (Short-horned Baronia)

Baronia brevicornis, also called Short-horned Baronia is a butterfly from Neotropic ecozone (South America). The first description was in 1893 by Salvin. The wingspan is about 5 – 6 cm. Baronia brevicornis is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. The basic colour of this butterfly is brown or darkbrown. Some yellow spots dominate the wings. The hind wings have no tails.



Photos for easy identification

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see some photos of Baronia brevicornis (male above / female below).  Baronia brevicornis is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE from Neotropic ecozone (South America).


Description

The forewings are brown or darkbrown. Some yellow spots dominate the wing.
The underside of Baronia brevicornis is very similar to the upside.

The hind wings of Baronia brevicornis are brown or darkbrown and they have no tails. Next to the body there is a yellow area. Some yellow spots dominate the wing.
The underside is very similar to the upside. But, the spots and areas are whitish.

The body (abdomen) is black. The thorax is black. The head is black. The underside of all parts is black. The underside of the abdomen has yellow stripes.

Sex differences: All spots and areas of the female are larger and predominantly orange.


Distributionv

Baronia brevicornis is a butterfly from the Neotropic (South America) ecozone. You can observe this butterfly in a small area of Mexico.


This world map shows the ecozones in which this butterfly is distributed.

Larval food

Leguminosae:

General information

The first description of this butterfly was in 1893 by Salvin. There is only one subspecies.

This species is a living fossil and a archetype of a member of Papilionidae. This butterfly is characterized by a high degree of variability in appearance.

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; PhotographerThomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; PhotographerThomas Neubauer

Here you can see another male of Barona brevicornis.

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; PhotographerThomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; PhotographerThomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; PhotographerThomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; PhotographerThomas Neubauer

Here you can see another females of Barona brevicornis.


Protection provisions / Red List

Similar and closely-related species

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Scientific name

Baronia brevicornis Salvin 1893


Other names

Short-horned Baronia


Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree

To the family tree (Genus: BARONIA)...  


Ecozone

NEOTROPIC (South America)

 

To the top

Back to family Papilionidae from NEOTROPIC (SOUTH AMERICA)

 

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