Battus philenor (Pipevine Swallowtail)
Battus philenor, also called Pipevine Swallowtail is a . The first description was in 1771 by Linnaeus. The wingspan is about 9 – 10 cm. Battus philenor is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. The basic colour of this butterfly is black. Yellow and red spots and a blue structure-colour dominate the wings. The hind wings have tails.
Photos for easy identification
The forewings are dark brown or black. At the outer edge there is a chain of tiny, yellow spots.
The underside of Battus philenor is very similar to the upside. But, the basic colour is brown.
The hind wings of Battus philenor are black and they have a blue structure-colour. The wings have tails. The edge is wavy. A chain of yellow spots dominates the wing.
The underside is dark brown. The outer part of the wing is blue and contains chains of red, white and yellow spots.
The body (abdomen) is black. The thorax is black and has white spots. The head is black and has white spots. The underside of all parts is black. The underside of thorax has white spots.
Sex differences: The basic colour of the female is brown and it has no structure-colour.
Battus philenor is a butterfly from the Nearctic (North America) ecozone. You can observe this butterfly from the South of Canada until Guatemala.
- Aristolochia californica
- Aristolochia erecta
- Aristolochia littoralis
- Aristolochia macrophylla
- Aristolochia micrantha
- Aristolochia odoratissima
- Aristolochia orbicularis
- Aristolochia reticulata
- Aristolochia serpentaria
- Aristolochia tomentosa
- Aristolochia watsonii
- Asarum canadense
- Ipomoea aculeata
- Polygonum convolvulus
- Polygonum hydropiper
- Polygonum scandens
The first description of this butterfly was in 1771 by Linnaeus. There are four subspecies.
- Battus philenor acauda [Oberthür, 1879]
- Battus philenor hirsuta [Skinner, 1908]
- Battus philenor insularis [Vázquez, 1957]
- Battus philenor orsua [Godman & Salvin, 1889]
Here you can see the subspecies Battus philenor acauda (male left / female right). The wingspand is about 9 - 10 cm.
Macro - photos
Protection provisions / Red List
- CITES: (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora):
- EU regulation on trading with species of wild Fauna and Flora
- IUCN Red List of threatened species:
Similar and closely-related species
Battus philenor Linnaeus 1771
Pipevine Swallowtail, Blue Swallowtail
Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree
- Kingdom: ANIMALIA
- Phylum: ARTHROPODA
- Class: INSECTA
- Order: LEPIDOPTERA
- Suborder: DITRYSIA
- Superfamily: PAPILIONOIDEA
- Family: PAPILIONIDAE
- Subfamily: PAPILIONINAE
- Tribe: TROIDINI
- Subtribe: BATTINA
- Genus: BATTUS
- Specific name: PHILENOR