Battus polydamas (Gold-rim Swallowtail)
Battus polydamas, also called Gold-rim Swallowtail is a common . The first description was in 1758 by Linnaeus. The wingspan is about 8 – 9 cm. Battus polydamas is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. The basic colour of this butterfly is black. One chain of yellowish spots dominates the wings. The hind wings have no tails.
Photos for easy identification
The forewings are black. At the outer edge there is a chains of yellowish spots.
The underside is very similar to the upside.
The hind wings are black and have no tails. The edge is wavy. At the outer edge there is a chain of yellowish spots.
The underside is brown or dark brown. At the outer edge there are a chain of white spots and a chain of red spots.
The body (abdomen) is black. The thorax is black. The head is black. The underside of all parts is black. The underside of thorax has red spots.
Sex differences: None.
- Aristolochia brasiliensis
- Aristolochia elegans
- Aristolochia fimbriata
- Aristolochia littoralis
- Aristolochia macrophylla
- Aristolochia macroura
- Aristolochia pentandra
- Aristolochia ringens
- Aristolochia rumicifolia
- Aristolochia serpentaria
- Aristolochia triangularis
- Aristolochia trilobata
The first description of this butterfly was in 1758 by Linnaeus. There are many subspecies.
- Battus polydamas antiquus [Rothschild & Jordan, 1906]
- Battus polydamas atahualpa [Racheli & Pischedda, 1987]
- Battus polydamas cebriones [Dalman, 1823]
- Battus polydamas christopheranus [Hall, 1936]
- Battus polydamas cubensis [Dufrane, 1946]
- Battus polydamas dominicus [Rothschild & Jordan, 1906]
- Battus polydamas grenadensis [Hall, 1930]
- Battus polydamas jamaicensis [Rothschild & Jordan, 1906]
- Battus polydamas lucayus [Rothschild & Jordan, 1906]
- Battus polydamas lucianus [Rothschild & Jordan]
- Battus polydamas neodamas [Lucas, 1852]
- Battus polydamas peruanus [Fuchs, 1954]
- Battus polydamas polycrates [Hopffer, 1866]
- Battus polydamas psittacus [Molina, 1782]
- Battus polydamas renani [Lamas, 1998]
- Battus polydamas streckerianus [Honrath, 1884]
- Battus polydamas thyamus [Rothschild & Jordan, 1906]
- Battus polydamas vincentius [Rothschild & Jordan, 1906]
- Battus polydamas weyrauchi [Lamas, 1998]
The female laying the eggs in little groups on Aristolochia. The caterpillar is dark brown with red thorns. The pupa is light brown or light green. You can see Battus polydamas all-the-year.
Larval food are poisonous plants. Therefore caterpillar, pupa and butterfly is uneatable for predator.
Here you can see the subspecies Battus polydamas psittacus (male left / female right). The wingspan is about 8 - 10 cm.
Here you con see the subspecies Battus polydamas streckerianus (male left / female right). The wingspan is about 8 - 9 cm.
Protection provisions / Red List
- CITES: (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora):
- EU regulation on trading with species of wild Fauna and Flora
- IUCN Red List of threatened species:
Similar and closely-related species
Battus polydamas Linnaeus 1758
Gold-rim Swallowtail, Polydamas Swallowtail
Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree
- Kingdom: ANIMALIA
- Phylum: ARTHROPODA
- Class: INSECTA
- Order: LEPIDOPTERA
- Suborder: DITRYSIA
- Superfamily: PAPILIONOIDEA
- Family: PAPILIONIDAE
- Subfamily: PAPILIONINAE
- Tribe: TROIDINI
- Subtribe: BATTINA
- Genus: BATTUS
- Specific name: POLYDAMAS