Charaxes smaragdalis (Western Blue Charaxes)

Charaxes smaragdalis, also called Western Blue Charaxes is a very great butterfly from Afrotopic ecozone (Africa). The first description was in 1865 by Butler. With a wingspan of 8.5 – 10.0 cm the Western Blue Charaxes is a small member of the family NYMPHALIDAE, but it is a typical member of the genus Charaxes. The butterfly is black with white and blue bands and spots. Hind wings have two little tails.


Photos for easy identification

Photo © by Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer

These are nice photos of Charaxes smaragdalis (Western Blue Charaxes) (female). Charaxes smaragdalis is a member of the family NYMPHALIDAE from Afrotropic ecozone (Africa).


Description

The forewings are black. In the middle of wing there is a broad white band. At the margin there is a chain of little white spots.
The underside is fawn and greenish. Nearby the body there are some little black lines and spots. At the margin there is a chain of black spots. The white band from upside are also there.

The hind wings are black and have two little tails. The margin is ridged. At the margin there is a chain of white spots. There is a broad blue area on wing.
The underside is fawn and greenish. There are some black and green lines, spots and bands on wing. At the margin there is a chain of little white spots.

The body is brown, but the upside is black.

Sex differences: The male has no white on fore wings, but there is a blue band on wing.


Distribution

Western Blue Charaxes (Charaxes smaragdalis) is a butterfly of the Afrotropic ecozone (Africa) and Palaearctic ecozone (Europe). The distribution extend from Senegal to Somalia, from Angola to Kenya and from Sudan to Egypt.


This world map shows the ecozones in which this butterfly is distributed.

Larval food / Foodplants

---


General information

The first description of this butterfly was in 1865 by Butler. There are many subspecies.

The blue coloure of Charaxes smaragdalis depend on perspective. Therefore the blue can change to violet.


Photo © by Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see the male of Charaxes smaragdalis.


Protection provisions / Red List

Similar and closely-related species

Charaxes montieri [Staudinger & Schatz, 1885] 

Hypolimnas salmacis [Druce, 1773] (Blue Diadem, Blaues Diadem) 


Scientific name

Charaxes smaragdalis Butler 1865


Synonym

 Western Blue Charaxes


Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree

To family tree (Genus: CHARAXES)...   


Ecozone

AFROTROPIC (Africa)

 

To the top

Back to family Nymphalidae from AFROTROPIC (AFRICA)

 

Ads / Werbung:

Vanessa atalanta
Papilio machaon
Inachis io
Apatura iris
Apatura iris