Family NYMPHALIDAE

e.g. Morpho rhetenor; Photo © by Thomas Neubauer

All members of this family have a typical feature. They have only four legs for walking, because the first pair of legs is atrophied to small brushes. Therefore the members of this family are often called brush-footed butterflies.
The scale of Nymphalidae are medium to large and the coloured drawings on wings are very beautiful.

Typical members of this butterfly family are the Peacock (Inachis io), the Red Admiral (Vanessa atalanta) and the Common Tiger (Danaus plexippus).

The family NYMPHALIDAE contains twelve subfamilies.

 

 

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Subfamily APATURINAE

Subfamily APATURINAE contains nineteen genera. The genus combine with the specific name accuratly defined any species.

The Purple Emperor or the Japanese Emperor are typical members of APATURINAE. Some of this species have blue structure coloure on there wings.  This optical phenominon based on  refraction and  interference.

                   Genus: Apatura

                   Genus: Apaturina

                   Genus: Apaturopsis

                   Genus: Asterocampa

                   Genus: Chitoria

                   Genus: Dilipa
 
                   Genus: Doxocopa

                   Genus: Euapatura

                   Genus: Eulaceura

                   Genus: Euripus

                   Genus: Helcyra

                   Genus: Herona

                   Genus: Hestina

                   Genus: Mimathyma

                   Genus: Rohana

                   Genus: Sasakia

                   Genus: Sephisa

                   Genus: Thaleropsis

                   Genus: Timelaea

 

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Subfamily BIBLIDINAE

Subfamily BIBLIDINAE contains six tribes. Furthermore the tribes contains the genus and the genus combine with the specific name accuratly defined any species.

 

 

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Subfamily CALINAGINAE

Subfamily CALINAGINAE contains only one tribe. Furthermore the tribe contains one genus and the genus combine with the specific name accuratly defined any species.

 

                          Genus: Calinaga

 

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Subfamily CHARAXINAE

Subfamily CHARAXINAE contains six tribes. Furthermore the tribes contains the genus and the genus combine with the specific name accuratly defined any species.



 

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Subfamily CYRESTINAE

Subfamily CYRESTINAE contains two tribes. Furthermore the tribes contains the genus and the genus combine with the specific name accuratly defined any species.

 

 

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Subfamily DANAINAE

Subfamily DANAINAE contains three tribes. Furthermore the tribes contains the genus and the genus combine with the specific name accuratly defined any species.

 

 

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Subfamily HELICONIINAE

Subfamily HELICONIINAE contains four tribes. Furthermore the tribes contains the genus and the genus combine with the specific name accuratly defined any species.

 

 

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Subfamily LIBYTHEINAE

Subfamily LIBYTHEINAE  contains two genera. The genus combine with the specific name accuratly defined any species.

The Nettle-tree butterfly is a typical member of this subfamily.


                   Genus: Libythea
 
                   Genus: Libytheana

 

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Subfamily LIMENITIDINAE

Subfamily LIMENITIDINAE contains four tribes. Furthermore the tribes contains the genus and the genus combine with the specific name accuratly defined any species.

 

 

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Subfamily MORPHINAE

Subfamily MORPHINAE contains three tribes. Furthermore the tribes contains the genus and the genus combine with the specific name accuratly defined any species.

 

 

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Subfamily NYMPHALINAE

Subfamily NYMPHALINAE contains six tribes. Furthermore the tribes contains the genus and the genus combine with the specific name accuratly defined any species.

 

 

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Subfamily SATYRINAE

Subfamily SATYRINAE contains six tribes. Furthermore the tribes contains the genus and the genus combine with the specific name accuratly defined any species.

 

 

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Vanessa atalanta
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Inachis io
Apatura iris
Apatura iris