Members of this family are best-known and well-investigated. The largest butterflies on earth are belong to PAPILIONIDAE. They have often brillant colours and tails on its beackwings. The species of this family are a symbol for perfect beauty in nature.
Typical members of PAPILIONIDAE are the Swallowtail (Papilio machaon), the Scarce Swallowtail (Iphiclides podalirius) and the Apollo (Parnassius apollo).
Family PAPILIONIDAE contains three subfamilies.
Subfamily BARONIINAE contains only one tribe. Furthermore the tribe contains one genus and the genus combine with the specific name accuratly defined any species.
The species Baronia brevicornis Salvin, 1893 from Central America is the one and only member of this subfamily. Baronia brevicornis is a very primitive butterfly and is deemed to be an archetypal of a PAPILIONIDAE.
Subfamily PAPILIONINAE contains three tribes. Furthermore the tribes contains the genus and the genus combine with the specific name accuratly defined any species.
The largest butterflies on earth (e.g. Birdwing butterflies and Swallowtails) are member of this subfamiy. Many of this species have tails on there backwings. Because of the scale and colourfulness the PAPILIONINAE are the eye-catching butterflies on earth.
- Tribe: LEPTOCIRCINI
- Tribe: PAPILIONINI
Subfamily PARNASSIINAE contains two tribes. Furthermore the tribes contains the genus and the genus combine with the specific name accuratly defined any species.
Common butterflies like Apollo or Festoon are members of PARNASSIINAE. These species are in all development stages uneatable, because the larvae life on toxic plants and accumulate the poison in body.
Typical notes of members of PARNASSIINAE are rounded wings and little tails on bachwings.