Graphium glycerion (Spectacle Swordtail)
Graphium glycerion, also called Sixbar Swordtail is a butterfly from . The first description was in 1831 by Gray. The wingspan is about 6 – 7 cm. This butterfly is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. The basic colour of Graphium glycerion is white. Some black bars dominate the wings.
Photos for easy identification
The fore wings are white. Many black bars dominate the wing.
The underside of Graphium glycerion is very similar to the upside. But, the basic colour is yellowish.
The hind wings of Graphium glycerion are white and they have tails. The edge is wavy. Some black bars dominate the wing. The back part of the wing is black and contains some blue spots. At the inner edge there is a blue eye with orange eye-shadow.
The underside is very similar to the upside. But, the basic colour is yellowish.
The body (abdomen) is black. The thorax and the head are also black. The underside of all parts is yellowish.
Sex differences: ---
The first description of this butterfly was in 1831 by Gray. There are three subspecies.
- Graphium glycerion caschmirensis [Rothschild, 1895]
- Graphium glycerion kimurai [Murayama, 1982]
- Graphium glycerion phangana [Okano, 1986]
Protection provisions / Red List
- CITES: (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora):
- EU regulation on trading with species of wild Fauna and Flora
- IUCN Red List of threatened species:
Similar and closely-related species
Graphium glycerion Gray 1831
Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree
- Kingdom: ANIMALIA
- Phylum: ARTHROPODA
- Class: INSECTA
- Order: LEPIDOPTERA
- Suborder: DITRYSIA
- Superfamily: PAPILIONOIDEA
- Family: PAPILIONIDAE
- Subfamilie: PAPILIONINAE
- Tribe: LEPTOCIRCINI
- Genus: GRAPHIUM
- Specific name: GLYCERION