Hypolimnas salmacis (Blue Diadem)
Photos for easy identification
The forewings are black. The margin is ridged. In the middle of wing there is a broad white band. Next to the white band there is a blue area.
The underside is nearly a copy of upside, but the ground is brown and the blue area is very small.
The hind wings are black. The margin is ridged. At the margin there is a chain of little white spots. In the middle of wing there is a white area. Between the white area and the margin there are many blue stripes.
The underside is brown. At the margin there is a chain of little white spots. In the middle of wing there is a broad white band.
The body is brown, but the upside is black.
Sex differences: The female is bigger than the male. The female is a little bit yellowish.
- Laportea aestuans
- Urera hypselodendron
The first description of this butterfly was in 1773 by Druce. There are only three subspecies.
- Hypolimnas salmacis magnifica [Rothschild, 1918]
- Hypolimnas salmacis platydema [Rothschild & Jordan]
- Hypolimnas salmacis thomensis [Aurivillius]
Hypolimnas salmacis has an optical characteristic. The blue areas change their colour, if you change the angle of vision.
Protection provisions / Red List
- CITES: (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora):
-no entry- (as at 14.06.2006)
- EU regulation on trading with species of wild Fauna and Flora
-no entry- (as at 19.08.2005)
- IUCN Red List of threatened species:
-no entry- (as at 2004) (see: www. redlist.org/)
Similar and closely-related species
Hypolimnas salmacis Drucy 1773
Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree
- Kingdom: ANIMALIA
- Phylum: ARTHROPODA
- Class: INSECTA
- Order: LEPIDOPTERA
- Suborder: DITRYSIA
- Superfamily: PAPILIONOIDEA
- Family: NYMPHALIDAE
- Subfamilie: NYMPHALINAE
- Tribe: JUNONIINI
- Genus: HYPOLIMNAS
- Specific name: SALMACIS