Hypolimnas salmacis (Blue Diadem)

Hypolimnas salmacis, also called Blue Diadem is a beautiful butterfly from Afrotropic ecozone (Africa). The first description was in 1773 by Druce. The wingspan is about 8.0 – 9.0 cm. The Blue Diadem is a member of the family NYMPHALIDAE. The butterfly is black, but it has white and blue areas on the wing.



Photos for easy identification

Photo © by Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer

These are nice photos of Hypolimnas salmacis (Blue Diadem). Hypolimnas salmacis is a member of the family NYMPHALIDAE from Afrotropic ecozone (Africa).


Description

The forewings are black. The margin is ridged. In the middle of wing there is a broad white band. Next to the white band there is a blue area.
The underside is nearly a copy of upside, but the ground is brown and the blue area is very small.

The hind wings are black. The margin is ridged. At the margin there is a chain of little white spots. In the middle of wing there is a white area. Between the white area and the margin there are many blue stripes.
The underside is brown. At the margin there is a chain of little white spots. In the middle of wing there is a broad white band.

The body is brown, but the upside is black.

Sex differences: The female is bigger than the male. The female is a little bit yellowish.


Distribution

The Blue Diadem (Hypolimnas salmacis) is a butterfly of the Afrotropic ecozone (Africa). The distribution extend from Senegal to Ethiopia and from Congo to Somalia.


This world map shows the ecozones in which this butterfly is domestic.

Larval food

Urticaceae:

General information

The first description of this butterfly was in 1773 by Druce. There are only three subspecies.

Hypolimnas salmacis has an optical characteristic. The blue areas change their colour, if you change the angle of vision.


Photo © by Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see the optical characteristic.


Photo © by Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see an other exemplar of Hypolimnas salmacis.


Protection provisions / Red List

Similar and closely-related species

Charaxes smaragdalis Butler 1865 (Western Blue Charaxes) AFRICA  

Hypolimnas bolina Linnaeus 1758 (Great Eggfly, Große Eierfliege) AUSTRALIA   

Hypolimnas dexithea Hewitson 1863 AFRICA   


Scientific name

Hypolimnas salmacis Drucy 1773


Other names

 Blue Diadem
 Blaues Diadem


Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree

To famliy tree (Genus: HYPOLIMNAS)...    


Ecozone

AFROTROPIC (Africa)

 

To the top

Back to family Nymphalidae from AFROTROPIC (AFRICA)

 

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