Inachis io (Peacock, Tagpfauenauge, Paon de Jour)

Inachis io, also called Peacock or Tagpfauenauge is a common butterfly from Palaearctic ecozone (Europe). The first description was in 1758 by Linnaeus. With a wingspan of 5.0 – 6.0 cm the Peacock is a small member of the family NYMPHALIDAE. The butterfly is auburn and has four big eyes on wings.


Photos for easy identification

Photo © by Thomas Neubauer, 16.09.2006
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer, 16.09.2006
Photo © by Rudolf Faustmann

These are nice photos of Inachis io (Peacock, Tagpfauenauge, Paon de Jour). Inachis io is a member of the family NYMPHALIDAE from Palaearctic (Europe).


Description

The forewings are auburn. The margin is ridged and brown. On the wing leading edge there are two black spot. There is a big eye in yellow, blue and black on the wing. Nearby the eye there are some little small white spots. So you can think the eye is crying.
The underside is dark marmorate and dreary.

The hind wings are auburn. The margin is ridged and brown. There is a big blue eye on the wing. Around the eye there is a light area.
The underside is dark marmorate and dreary.

The body is dark brown and hairy.

Sex differences: None


Distribution

The Peacock (Inachis io) is a common butterfly of the Palaearctic ecozone (Europe and Asia). The distribution include whole Europe and Asia from Arctic circle to the North of Africa, Iran, Pakistan and China. You can see the Peacock until 2500 m sea level.


This world map shows the ecozones in which this butterfly is distributed.

Flight period

The flight period of the Peacock is from June to Oktober.


Larval food

Stinging nettle


Photo © by Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer

General information

The first description of this butterfly was in 1758 by Linnaeus. There are only two subspecies.

The caterpillar is black with many, little white spots and it is thorny. The pupa has no silken girdl. This species overwinters as imago.
The Peacock is one of the most common butterflies of Europe.


Protection provisions / Red List

Similar and closely-related species

unmistakable


Scientific name

Inachis io Linnaeus 1758


Synonym

 Peacock
 Tagpfauenauge
 Paon de Jour
 Pavo Real
 Påfågelsöga
 Neitoperhonen
Dagpauwoog
Dagpafugleoje
Dagpafugloye
 Rusałka pawik
  Babočka paví oko


Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree

To the famiy tree (Genus: INACHIS)...


Ecozone

PALAEARCTIC (Europe)

 

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Back to family Nymphalidae from PALAEARCTIC (EUROPE)

 

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