Limenitis astyanax (Red-spotted Purple)
Photos for easy identification
The forewings are dark brown. At the margin there is a chain of little white spots.
The underside is dark purple, but the pinion is dark brown. At the margin there are two chains of little white spots. Nearby the body there are two red spots.
The hind wings are dark brown. There is a broad blue area going backwards. There is a black line crossing the blue area.
The underside is dark purple. At the margin there are two chains of little white spots an one chain of big red spots. Nearby the body there are three red spots.
The body is black.
Sex differences: None.
Poplar (Populus), Willow (Salix) and Betula, Crataegus
The first description of this butterfly was in 1775 by Fabricius. There are only two subspecies.
- Limenitis astyanax arizonensis [Edwards, 1882]
- Limenitis astyanax rubrofasciata [Barnes & McDunnough, 1916]
The caterpillar is mimic excrements of birds and has two thorny warts. The pupa has no silken girdl.
Protection provisions / Red List
- CITES: (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora):
-no entry- (as at 23.06.2005)
- EU regulation on trading with species of wild Fauna and Flora
-no entry- (as at 19.08.2005)
- IUCN Red List of threatened species:
-no entry- (as at 2004) (see: www.redlist.org/)
Similar and closely-related species
Limenitis astyanax Fabricius 1775
Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree
- Kingdom: ANIMALIA
- Phylum: ARTHROPODA
- Class: INSECTA
- Order: LEPIDOPTERA
- Suborder: DITRYSIA
- Superfamily: PAPILIONOIDEA
- Family: NYMPHALIDAE
- Subfamilie: LIMENITIDINAE
- Tribe: LIMENITIDINI
- Genus: LIMENITIS
- Specific name: ASTYANAX