Limenitis camilla (White Admiral, Kleiner Eisvogel, Le Petit Sylvain)

Limenitis camilla, also called White Admiral or Kleiner Eisvogel is a common butterfly from Palaearctic ecozone (Europe). The first description was in 1764 by Linnaeus. With a wingspan of 5.0 – 6.0 cm the White Admiral is a small member of the family NYMPHALIDAE. The butterfly is black with white bands and spots.


Photos for easy identification

Photo © by Thomas Neubauer; 23.06.2008 Lower Austria
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer; 23.06.2008 Lower Austria
Photo © by Rudolf Faustmann
Photo © by Rudolf Faustmann
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer; 23.06.2008 Niederösterreich
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer; 23.06.2008 Niederösterreich
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer; 23.06.2008 Niederösterreich

These are nice photos of Limenitis camilla (White Admiral, Kleiner Eisvogel, Le Petit Sylvain). Limenitis camilla is a member of the family NYMPHALIDAE from Palaearctic (Europe).


Description

The forewings are dark brown or black. At the margin there is a chain of little black spots. There is a chain of white spots, which is crossing the wing.
The underside is orange and brown. The chain of white spots and the chain of black spots from upside are also there.

The hind wings are dark brown or black. The margin is ridged. At the margin there are two chains of little black spots. There is a broad white band on the wing.
The underside is orange and brown. At the margin there are two chains of black spots. The broad white band from upside is also there. Around the body there is a white and bluish area.

The body is white and bluish, but from upside it is black.

Sex differences: The female is dark brown and the white band is broader than  the white band from male. The male is black.


Distribution

The White Admiral (Limenitis camilla) is a common butterfly of the Palaearctic ecozone (Europe and Asia). The distribution extend from the middle of Europe to Russia, Kazakhstan, China and Japan. You can see the White Admiral until 1500 m sea level.


This world map shows the ecozones in which this butterfly is distributed.

Flight period

The flight period of the White Admiral is from June to August.


Larval food

Honeysuckle,  Common Snowberry


General information

The first description of this butterfly was in 1764 by Linnaeus. There is only one subspecies.

The caterpillar is green and has thorny warts. The pupa has no silken girdl. This species overwinters as caterpillar.

The distribution of White Admiral overlap with the distributions of the Poplar Admiral (Limenitis populi) and the Southern White Admiral (Limenitis reducta).
The following differentiators are very useful to differ these similar species.

Protection provisions / Red List

Similar and closely-related species

Limenitis populi [Linnaeus, 1758] (Poplar Admiral, Großer Schillerfalter, Le Grand Sylvain)

Limenitis reducta [Staudinger, 1901] (Soutern White Admiral, Blauschwarzer Eisvogel, Le Sylvain Azure)

Neptis rivularis [Scopoli, 1763] (Hungarian Glider, Trauerfalter)


Scientific name

Limenitis camilla Linnaeus 1764


Synonym

 White Admiral
 Kleiner Eisvogel
 Le Petit Sylvain
 Ninfa de bosque
 Tryfjäril
Kuusamaperhonen
Kleine ijsvogelvlinder
Hvid admiral
 Pokłonnik kamilla
Bělopásek dvouřadý
Bielopásavec zemolezový


Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree

To the family tree (Genus: LIMENITIS)...


Ecozone

PALAEARCTIC (Europe)

 

To the top

Back to family Nymphalidae from PALAEARCTIC (EUROPE)

 

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