Limenitis reducta ( Souther White Admiral, Blauschwarzer Eisvogel, Le Sylvain Azure)

Limenitis reducta, also called Souther White Admiral or Blauschwarzer Eisvogel is a nice  butterfly from Palaearctic ecozone (Europe). The first description was in 1901 by Staudinger. With a wingspan of 5.0 – 6.0 cm the Souther White Admiral is a small member of the family NYMPHALIDAE. The butterfly is dark brown or black with white spots and a white band. Furthermore the Souther White Admiral has a faint blue iridescence.


Photos for easy identification

Photo © by Mario Maier (Mario.Maier@butterflies.de)
Photo © by Mario Maier (Mario.Maier@butterflies.de)
Photo © by Mario Maier (Mario.Maier@butterflies.de)

These are nice photos of Limenitis reducta ( Souther Withe Admiral, Blauschwarzer Eisvogel, Le Sylvain Azure). Limenitis reducta is a member of the family NYMPHALIDAE from Palaearctic (Europe).


Description

The forewings are dark brown or black and have a faint blue iridescence. At the margin there is a chain of little white spots. There is a chain of big white spots, which is crossing the wing. There is one separate white spot at the wing leading edge and also at the pinion.
The underside is orange and brown. Nearly all white spots from upside are also there. Only the chain of white spots at the margin is change to a chain of black and orange spots.

The hind wings are dark brown or black and have a faint blue iridescence. The margin is ridged. At the margin there is a chain of black and white spots. There is a broad white band on the wing.
The underside is orange and brown. At the margin there is a chain of little black spots. The broad white band from upside is also there. Around the body there is a white and bluish area.

The body is whitish, but from upside it is black.

Sex differences: All white spots and the band from female are broader than the spots and bands from male.


Distribution

The Southern White Admiral (Limenitis reducta ) is a nice butterfly of the Palaearctic ecozone (Europe and Asia). The distribution extend from Europe to Turkey and Iran. You can see the Southern White Admiral until 1000 m sea level.


This world map shows the ecozones in which this butterfly is distributed.

Flight period

The flight period of the Southern White Admiral is from May to September. There are two broods per year.


Larval food

Honeysuckle


General information

The first description of this butterfly was in 1901 by Staudinger. There is only one subspecies.

The caterpillar is green and has fife couples of thorny warts. The pupa has no silken girdl. This species overwinters as caterpillar.

The distribution of Southern White Admiral overlap with the distributions of the White Admiral (Limenitis camilla) and the Poplar Admiral (Limenitis populi).
The following differentiators are very useful to differ these similar species.

Protection provisions / Red List

Similar and closely-related species

Limenitis camilla [Linnaeus, 1764] (White Admiral, Kleiner Eisvogel, Le Petit Sylvain)

Limenitis populi [Linnaeus, 1758] (Poplar Admiral, Großer Schillerfalter, Le Grand Sylvain)

Neptis rivularis [Scopoli, 1763] (Trauerfalter, Hungarian Glider)


Scientific name

Limenitis reducta Staudinger 1901


Synonym

 Soutern Withe Admiral
 Blauschwarzer Eisvogel, Zaunlilienfalter
 Le Sylvain Azure 
 Ninfa de arroyos
Blauwe ijsvogelvlinder
Pokłonnik anonyma
Bělopásek jednořadý
Bielopásavec jednoradový


Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree

To the family tree (Genus: LIMENITIS)...


Ecozone

PALAEARCTIC (Europe)

 

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Back to family Nymphalidae from PALAEARCTIC (EUROPE)

 

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