Ornithoptera croesus (Wallace's Golden Birdwing, Goldroter Vogelschwingenfalter)

Ornithoptera croesus, also called Wallace's Golden Birdwing is a butterfly from Australasia / Indomalaya ecozone (Australia). The first description was in 1859 by Wallace. The wingspan is about 17 – 20 cm. This butterfly is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. Ornithoptera croesus is black. It has large orange or red areas on the wings. The females are brown and have some white and yellow spots. They are significant-larger than the males.


Photos for easy identification

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see some photos of Ornithoptera croesus (Goldroter Vogelschwingenfalter, Wallace's Golden Birdwing) (male above / female below). Ornithoptera croesus is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE from Australasia / Indomalaya (Australia).


Description

The fore wings are black. The wing leading edge is orange or red. A black and longish odour-spot is on the wing.
The underside of Ornithoptera croesus is black. There are some green spots on the wing. 

The hind wings of Ornithoptera croesus are orange or red. At the wing leading edge there are some big, golden spots. The edge of wing is black. At the outer edge there are some small golden and some small black spots.
The underside is green. The fore side of the wing is golden. The veins are black. At the outer edge there is a chain of black spots. 

The body (abdomen) is yellow. Head and thorax are black. The underside of thorax has a red hair-coat.  

Sex differences: The female covers the upper range of the wing-span. It is significant-larger than the male. The basic colour of the female is dark-brown. There are some small, white spots on the fore wings. On the hind wings there are big yellow marks. The underside is a copy from upside.


Distribution

Ornithoptera croesus (Wallace's Golden Birdwing, Goldroter Vogelschwingenfalter) is a butterfly from the Australasia / Indomalaya (Australia) ecozone. The distribution is restricted on Moluccas.


This world map shows the ecozones in which this butterfly is distributed.

Larval food

Aristolochiaceae:

General information

The first description of this butterfly was in 1859 by Wallace. There are three subspecies.

Ornithoptera croesus is, like all other Birdwings a true miracle of nature. This butterfly is strictly protected. It is listed in the appendix II from CITES.

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see the subspecies Ornithoptera croesus lydius (male left/ female right). The wingspan is about 17 - 20 cm.


Macro photos

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer macro photograph of Ornithoptera croesus m (upside)
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer macro photograph of Ornithoptera croesus m (underside)
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer macro photograph of Ornithoptera croesus f (upside)
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer macro photograph of Ornithoptera croesus f (underside)

Here you can see some macro photos of Ornithoptera croesus.


Protection provisions / Red List

Similar and closely-related species

Ornithoptera priamus Linnaeus 1758 


Scientific name

Ornithoptera croesus Wallace 1859 
     (in past: Troides croesus)


Other names

 Wallace's Golden Birdwing
 Goldroter Vogelschwingenfalter


Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree

To family tree (Genus: ORNITHOPTERA)...    


Ecozone

AUSTRALASIA / INDOMALAYA (Australia)

 

To the top

Back to family Papilionidae from AUSTRALAISA / INDOMALAYA (AUSTRALIA) 

 

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