Ornithoptera paradisea (Paradise Birdwing, Paradies Vogelschwingenfalter)

Ornithoptera paradisea, also called Paradise Birdwing is a butterfly from Australasia / Indomalaya ecozone (Australia). The first description was in 1893 by Staudinger. The wingspan is about 14 – 19 cm. This butterfly is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. Ornithoptera paradisea is black. It has green and golden areas on the wings. The hind wings have thin tails. The females are dark-brown and have some white and yellow spots. They are significant-larger than the males.



Photos for easy identification

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see some photos of Ornithoptera paradisea (Paradise Birdwing, Paradies Vogelschwingenfalter) (male above / female below). Ornithoptera paradisea is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE from Australasia / Indomalaya (Australia).


Description

The fore wings are black. The wing leading edge is green. In the middle of the wing there is a large, green band.
The underside of Ornithoptera paradisea is green. The veins are black. Next to the wing tip there is a black area. 

The hind wings of Ornithoptera paradisea are tiny, golden and have thin tails. The inner edge is black. Between the golden area and the inner edge there is a green stripe. The outer edge is green.
The underside nearly is a copy of upside. But, the inner edge is green and hairy. 

The body (abdomen) is yellow. Head and thorax are black and green.  

Sex differences: The female covers the upper range of the wing-span. It is significant-larger than the male. The basic colour of the female is dark-brown. Two groups of white spots dominate the fore wing. On the hind wings there is a big white area. The outer edge of the white area is yellow. Between the white part and the yellow part there is a chain of black spots. The underside is a copy from upside, but all colours are stronger.


Distribution

Ornithoptera paradisea (Paradise Birdwing, Paradies Vogelschwingenfalter) is a butterfly from the Australasia / Indomalaya (Australia) ecozone. The distribution is restricted on New Guinea and other islands in the neighbourhood.


This world map shows the ecozones in which this butterfly is distributed.

Larval food

Aristolochiaceae:

General information

The first description of this butterfly was in 1893 by Staudinger. There are five subspecies.

This butterfly is strictly protected. It is listed in the appendix II from CITES.


Macro photos

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer macro photograph of Ornithoptera paradisea m (upside)
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer macro photograph of Ornithoptera paradisea f (upside)
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer macro photograph of Ornithoptera paradisea f (underside)

Here you can see some macro photos of Ornithoptera paradisea.


Protection provisions / Red List

Similar and closely-related species

Ornithoptera meridionalis Rothschild 1897 


Scientific name

Ornithoptera paradisea Staudinger 1893 
     (in past: Troides paradisea)


Other names

 Paradise Birdwing
 Paradies Vogelschwingenfalter


Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree

To family tree (Genus: ORNITHOPTERA)...    


Ecozone

AUSTRALASIA / INDOMALAYA (Australia)

 

To the top

Back to family Papilionidae from AUSTRALAISA / INDOMALAYA (AUSTRALIA) 

 

Apatura iris
Inachis io
Nymphalis antiopa
Apatura iris
Vanessa atalanta
Papilio machaon
Pierides sp.
Our website uses cookies. OK