Ornithoptera tithonus

Ornithoptera tithonus is a butterfly from Australasia / Indomalaya ecozone (Australia). The first description was in 1841 by de Haan. The wingspan is about 14 – 20 cm. This butterfly is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. Ornithoptera tithonus is black. It has green and golden areas on the wings. The females are dark-brown and have some white spots. They are significant-larger than the males.


Photos for easy identification

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see some photos of Ornithoptera  tithonus (male above / female below). Ornithoptera tithonus is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE from Australasia / Indomalaya (Australia).


Description

The fore wings are black. At the wing tip there is a green stripe and one golden spot. In the middle of the wing there is a large, green band. The rear edge is green.
The underside of Ornithoptera tithonus is black. At the outer edge and in the middle of the wing there is green area. The veins are black and they cleave the green areas. The golden spot at the wing tip is tansparent like a window. 

The hind wings of Ornithoptera tithonus are multicoloured. The inner part of the wing and the edge are black. The other part of the wing is green. The green area contains some golden spots and three black spots.
The underside is green. Some golden spots and some black spots are on the wing. The inner edge is very hairy.

The body (abdomen) is yellow. Head and thorax are black. The underside of thorax has a red hair-coat.  

Sex differences: The female covers the upper range of the wing-span. It is significant-larger than the male. The basic colour of the female is dark-brown. At the outer edge and in the middle of the wing there are some white spots. On the hind wings there is a big white area. The outer edge of the white area is yellow. Between the white part and the yellow part there is a chain of black spots. The underside is a copy from upside, but all colours are stronger.


Distribution

Ornithoptera tithonus is a butterfly from the Australasia / Indomalaya (Australia) ecozone. The distribution is restricted on Irian and other islands in the neighbourhood.


This world map shows the ecozones in which this butterfly is distributed.

Larval food

---


General information

The first description of this butterfly was in 1841 by de Haan. There are six subspecies.

Ornithoptera tithonus is, like all other Birdwings a true miracle of nature. This butterfly is strictly protected. It is listed in the appendix II from CITES.


Macro photos

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer macro photograph of Ornithoptera tithonus m (upside)
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer macro photograph of Ornithoptera tithonus m (upside)
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer macro photograph of Ornithoptera tithonus m (underside)
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer macro photograph of Ornithoptera tithonus f (upside)
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer macro photograph of Ornithoptera tithonus f (underside)

Here you can see some macro photos of Ornithoptera tithonus.


Protection provisions / Red List

Similar and closely-related species

Ornithoptera chimaera Rothschild 1904

Ornithoptera rothschildi Kenrick 1911 (Rothschild´s Birdwing)  


Scientific name

Ornithoptera tithonus de Haan 1841  
     (in past: Troides tithonus)


Other names

---


Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree

To family tree (Genus: ORNITHOPTERA)...    


Ecozone

AUSTRALASIA / INDOMALAYA (Australia)

 

To the top

Back to family Papilionidae from AUSTRALAISA / INDOMALAYA (AUSTRALIA) 

 

Ads / Werbung:

Vanessa atalanta
Papilio machaon
Inachis io
Apatura iris
Apatura iris