Papilio aegeus (Orchard Swallowtail, Garten Schwalbenschwanz)
Photos for easy identification
The forewings are black. In the pinion there is a white stripe.
The underside is a copy of upside, but the pinion is lighter than upside.
The hind wings are black and have no tails. The margin is ridged. In the middle of wing there is a broad white area.
The underside is black. In back there are some red spots. There are a chain of little whitish spots on wing.
The body is black.
Sex differences: The female has more white on forewings. On hind wings there are a chain of red spots and a chain of blue spots. Underside is a copy of upside.
Here you can see some macro photos of Papilio aegeus (female).
The first description of this butterfly was in 1805 by Donovan . There are some subspecies.
- Papilio aegeus adrastus [Felder]
- Papilio aegeus aegatinus [Rothschild]
- Papilio aegeus goramensis [Rothschild]
- Papilio aegeus keianus [Rothschild]
- Papilio aegeus kissuanus [Rothschild]
- Papilio aegeus ormenus (Guérin-Méneville)
- Papilio aegeus othello [Grose-Smith]
- Papilio aegeus websteri [Grose-Smith]
- Papilio aegeus oritas [Godman & Salvin]
Here you can see the subspecies Papilio aegeus keianus male left/ female right). The wingspan is about 12 - 13 cm.
Protection provisions / Red List
- CITES: (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora):
-no entry- (as at 12.02.2008)
- EU regulation on trading with species of wild Fauna and Flora
-no entry- (as at 19.08.2005)
- IUCN Red List of threatened species:
-no entry- (as at 2008) (see: www.redlist.org/)
Similar and closely-related species
Papilio aegeus Donovan 1805
Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree
- Kingdom: ANIMALIA
- Phylum: ARTHROPODA
- Class: INSECTA
- Order: LEPIDOPTERA
- Suborder: DITRYSIA
- Superfamily: PAPILIONOIDEA
- Family: PAPILIONIDAE
- Subfamily: PAPILIONINAE
- Tribe: PAPILIONINI
- Genus: PAPILIO
- Specific name: AEGEUS