Papilio ambrax (Ambrax Butterfly)
Papilio ambrax, also called Ambrax butterfly is a butterfly from . The first description was in 1832 by Boisduval. The wingspan is about 9 – 10 cm. This butterfly is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. Papilio ambrax is black. A big, yellow area dominates the hind wing.
Photos for easy identification
The fore wings are black. There are some white lines at the wing tip.
The underside of Papilio ambrax is very similar to the upside. But, the white lines are brighter.
The hind wings of Papilio ambrax are black. The edge is wavy. A big, yellow area dominates the wing.
The underside is black. At the inner edge there are two red spots.
The body (abdomen) is black. The thorax is black. The head is black.
Sex differences: The female covers the upper range of the wing-span. The basic colour is dark-brown. A big, white area dominates the fore wing. A big red and white area dominates the hind wing. At the edge there is a chain of red spots. The underside is very similar to the upside.
- Citrus ssp.
- Clausena brevistyla
- Limonia acidissima
- Microcitrus garrawayae
- Microcitrus inodora
- Murraya koenigii
- Zanthoxylum ailanthoides
- Zanthoxylum brachyacanthum
- Zanthoxylum nitidum
- Zanthoxylum ovalifolium
- Morinda citrifolia
The first description of this butterfly was in 1832 by Boisduval. There are four subspecies.
- Papilio ambrax artanus [Rothschild, 1908]
- Papilio ambrax dunali [Montrouzier, 1856]
- Papilio ambrax epigius [Miskin, 1876]
- Papilio ambrax epirus [Wallace, 1865]
Protection provisions / Red List
- CITES: (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora):
-No entry- (as at 12.02.2008)
- EU regulation on trading with species of wild Fauna and Flora
-No entry- (as at 19.08.2005)
- IUCN Red List of threatened species:
-No entry- (as at 2008)
Similar and closely-related species
Papilio ambrax Boisduval 1832
Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree
- Kingdom: ANIMALIA
- Phylum: ARTHROPODA
- Class: INSECTA
- Order: LEPIDOPTERA
- Suborder: DITRYSIA
- Superfamily: PAPILIONOIDEA
- Family: PAPILIONIDAE
- Subfamily: PAPILIONINAE
- Tribe: PAPILIONINI
- Genus: PAPILIO
- Specific name: AMBRAX