Papilio antimachus (African Giant Swallowtail)
Papilio antimachus, also called African Giant Swallowtail is a butterfly from . The first description was in 1782 by Drury. The wingspan is about 20 – 21 cm. This butterfly is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. The basic colour of Papilio antimachus is brown and red. The fore wings are very longish.
Photos for easy identification
The fore wings are brown and very longish. At the wing leading edge there is a red area which contains two dark-brown spots. In the middle of the wing there are two chains of big, red spots.
The underside of Papilio antimachus is bicolour. The outer part is yellow. The inner part isblack and contains red and yellow spots.
The hind wings of Papilio antimachus are red . The edge is wavy and brown. In the middle of the wing are some brown spots.
The underside is very similar to the upside. But, the basic colour is yellow.
The body (abdomen) is yellow. The thorax and the head are black and they have yellow spots.
Sex differences: None
Papilio antimachus is a butterfly from the Afrotropic (Africa) ecozone. You can observe this butterfly from Ivory Coast until Sudan and Angola.
The first description of this butterfly was in 1782 by Drury. There is only one subspecies.
- Papilio antimachus parva [Jackson, 1956]
Protection provisions / Red List
- CITES: (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora):
- EU regulation on trading with species of wild Fauna and Flora:
- IUCN Red List of threatened species:
Similar and closely-related species
Papilio antimachus Drury 1782
African Giant Swallowtail
Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree
- Kingdom: ANIMALIA
- Phylum: ARTHROPODA
- Class: INSECTA
- Order: LEPIDOPTERA
- Suborder: DITRYSIA
- Superfamily: PAPILIONOIDEA
- Family: PAPILIONIDAE
- Subfamily: PAPILIONINAE
- Tribe: PAPILIONINI
- Genus: PAPILIO
- Specific name: ANTIMACHUS