Papilio bianor is a wonderful butterfly from the . The first description was in 1777 by Cramer. The wingspan is about 10.0 – 12.0 cm. Papilio bianor is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. The butterfly is black and it has many luminous scales. Hind wings have tails.
Photos for easy identification
The forewings are black. The entire wing is littered with innumerable individual green scales. At the edge are dark veins and strip.
The underside is brown. The outside half of the wing is white and contains innumerable brown strips and veins.
The hind wings of Papilio bianor are black and have tails. The margin is ridged. The front half of the wing is littered with innumerable individual blue oder violett scales. The rear half of the wing is littered with innumerable individual green scales. At the edge there is a chain of big spots, which can be colored different. In the rear part there is a magenta eye.
The underside is dark-brown. The inner half of the wing is littered with innumerable individual white scales. At the edge there is a chain of red or magenta spots.
The body is black and it has some green scales.
Sex differences: Only the male has the hairy areas on the upside of forewings.
- Citrus depressa
- Citrus junos
- Citrus tachibana
- Euodia gabrifolia
- Euodia lepta
- Euodia meliaefolia
- Orixa japonica
- Phellodendron amurense
- Poncirus trifoliata
- Ruta graveolens
- Skimmia japonica
- Zanthoxylum ailanthoides
- Zanthoxylum nitidum
- Zanthoxylum piperitum
- Zanthoxylum schinifolium
The first description of this butterfly was in 1777 by Cramer. There are many subspecies.
- Papilio bianor doii [Matsumura, 1928]
- Papilio bianor ganesa [Doubleday, 1842]
- Papilio bianor hachijonis [Matsumura, 1919]
- Papilio bianor junia [Jordan, 1909]
- Papilio bianor kotoensis [Sonan, 1927]
- Papilio bianor mandschurica [Matsumura, 1927]
- Papilio bianor nakaharae [Matsumura, 1929]
- Papilio bianor pinratanei [Racheli & Cotton, 1983]
- Papilio bianor stockleyi [Gabriel, 1936]
- Papilio bianor takasago [Nakahara & Esaki, 1930]
- Papilio bianor tokaraensis [Fujioka, 1975]
The status of some of these subspecies is disputed. The former subspecies Papilio bianor dehaanii C & Fields, 1864 already one explained as an independent species (Papilio dehaani).
Papilio bianor ganesa
Papilio bianor kotoensis
Here you can see the subspecies Papilio bianor kotoensis (male left/ female right).
Papilio bianor piratanei
Protection provisions / Red List
- CITES: (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora):
-no entry- (as at 22.05.2009)
- EU regulation on trading with species of wild Fauna and Flora
-no entry- (as at 07.07.2009)
- IUCN Red List of threatened species:
-no entry- (as at 2009) (see: www.redlist.org/)
Similar and closely-related species
Papilio bianor Cramer 1777
Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree
- Kingdom: ANIMALIA
- Phylum: ARTHROPODA
- Class: INSECTA
- Order: LEPIDOPTERA
- Suborder: DITRYSIA
- Superfamily: PAPILIONOIDEA
- Family: PAPILIONIDAE
- Subfamily: PAPILIONINAE
- Tribe: PAPILIONINI
- Genus: PAPILIO
- Specific name: BIANOR