Photos for easy identification
The fore wings are dark brown or black. A broad, yellow band dominates the wing. At the outer edge there is a chain of little, yellow or redish spots.
The underside of Papilio cacicus is very similar to the upside. But the wing tip is brown.
The hind wings of Papilio cacicus are dark brown or black and they have two tails. The edge is wavy. A broad, yellow band dominates the wing. At the outer edge there is a chain of little, yellow spots.
The underside is very similar to the upside. But, the basic colour is brown.
The body is dark brown. The thorax is dark brown. The head dark brown. The underside of all parts is dark brown.
Sex differences: The female is brown. There are red spots at the fore wings. The hind wings have no yellow band.
Papilio cacicus is a butterfly from the Neotropic ecozone (South America). The area of distribution of this butterfly stretches from Peru to Venezuela.
The first description of this butterfly was in 1852 by Lucas. There are four subspecies.
- Papilio cacicus inca [Rothschild & Jordan, 1906]
- Papilio cacicus mendozaensis [Bollino & Sala, 1994]
- Papilio cacicus nesrinae [Koçak, 1983]
- Papilio cacicus upanensis [Talbot, 1929]
Protection provisions / Red List
- CITES: (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora):
- EU regulation on trading with species of wild Fauna and Flora
- IUCN Red List of threatened species:
Papilio cacicus Lucas 1852
Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree
- Kingdom: ANIMALIA
- Phylum: ARTHROPODA
- Class: INSECTA
- Order: LEPIDOPTERA
- Suborder: DITRYSIA
- Superfamily: PAPILIONOIDEA
- Family: PAPILIONIDAE
- Subfamily: PAPILIONINAE
- Tribe: PAPILIONINI
- Genus: PAPILIO
- Specific name: CACICUS