Papilio cresphontes (Giant Swallowtail)

Papilio cresphontes, also called Giant Swallowtail is a butterfly from Neotropic ecozone (South America). The first description was in 1777 by Cramer. The wingspan is about 9 – 10 cm. Papilio cresphontes is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. The basic colour of this butterfly is dark brown. Yellow bands and spots dominate the wings. The hind wings have tails.



Photos for easy identification

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see some photos of  Papilio cresphontes (Giant Swallowtail) (male above / female below). Papilio cresphontes is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE from Neotropic ecozone (South America).


Description

The forewings are dark brown. Two chains of large, yellow spots dominate the wing.
The underside of Papilio cresphontes is very similar to the upside. But, the yellow spots are larger. And there are many additional yellow spots.

The hind wings of Papilio cresphontes are dark brown and they have tails. The edge is wavy. Next to the body there is a yellow area. At the outer edge there is a chain of yellow spots. At the inner edge there is a black-red-blue eye-spot.
The underside is yellow. The outer edge is brown. In the middle of the wing there is a chain of brown-blue spots and there are two red spots.

The body (abdomen) is yellow and has a brown stripe. The thorax is dark brown and has two yellow stripes. The head is dark brown and has two yellow stripes. The underside of all parts is yellow.

Sex differences: The female has a smaller yellow area at the upside of hind wings.


Distribution

Papilio cresphontes is a butterfly from the Neotropic (South America). You can observe this butterfly from the South of USA until Colombia.

This world map shows the ecozones in which this butterfly is distributed.

Larval food

Rutaceae:

General information

The first description of this butterfly was in 1777 by Cramer. There are no subspecies.


Macro photos

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer; macro photograph of Papilio cresphontes f (underside)

Here you can see some macro photos of Papilio cresphontes.


Protection provisions / Red List

Similar and closely-related species

Papilio paeon Boisduval 1836

Papilio thoas Linnaeus 1771


Scientific name

Papilio cresphontes Cramer 1777


Other names

Giant Swallowtail


Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree

To family tree (Genus: PAPILIO)...   


Ecozone

NEOTROPIC (South America)

 

To the top

Back to family Papilionidae from NEOTROPIC (SOUTH AMERICA)

 

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