Papilio demoleus (Lime Butterfly, Citrus Schwalbenschwanz)
Papilio demoleus, also called Lime Butterfly is a
Photos for easy identification
Here you can see some photos of Papilio demoleus (Lime Butterfly). Papilio demoleus is a member of the
The fore wings are black. At the outer edge there is a chain of yellow spots. Next to the body there are four chains of little yellow spots. There are some other yellow spots at the rest of wing.
The underside of Papilio demoleus is very similar to the upside. Next to the body there are four yellow lines.
The hind wings of Papilio demoleus are black. The edge is wavy. Next to the body the wing is spotted by yellow scales. The wing is dominated by a broad, yellow band. This band contains a big eye. At the outer edge there are five yellow spots. At the inner edge there is a red eye-spot.
The underside is similar to the upside. But all yellow marks are bigger than the marks on the upside. Next to the body there is a yellow area with black lines. In the middle of the wing there are blue and orange spots.
The body is black, but the underside is yellow.
Sex differences: ---
Papilio demoleus (Lime Butterfly) is a butterfly from the Australasia / Indomalaya (Australia) ecozone. You can observe this butterfly in the whole ecozone.
- Acronychia penduculata
- Aegle marmelos
- Atalantia buxifolia
- Chloroxylon swietenia
- Citrus aurantifolia
- Citrus aurantium
- Citrus deliciosa
- Citrus medica
- Citrus hystrix
- Citrus limon
- Citrus maxima
- Citrus medica
- Citrus natsudaidai
- Citrus reticulata
- Citrus sinensis
- Clausena anisata
- Clausena excavata
- Flindersia brayleyana
- Fortunella japonica
- Glycosmis parviflora
- Limonia elephantum
- Microcitrus australis
- Ruta angustifolia
- Toddalia asiatica
- Zanthoxylum nitidum
- Ziziphus mauritiana
The first description of this butterfly was in 1758 by Linnaeus. There are five subspecies.
- Papilio demoleus malayanus [Wallace, 1865]
- Papilio demoleus sthenelinus [Rothschild]
- Papilio demoleus libanius [Fruhstorfer, 1908]
- Papilio demoleus sthenelus [Macleay, 1826]
- Papilio demoleus novoguineensis [Rothschild]
This butterfly is very common. It is easy to observe it in a garden.
Here you can see some macro photos of Papilio demoleus.
Protection provisions / Red List
- CITES: (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora):
-no entry- (as at 12.02.2008)
- EU regulation on trading with species of wild Fauna and Flora:
-no entry- (as at 19.08.2005)
- IUCN Red List of threatened species:
-no entry- (as at 2008)
Similar and closely-related species
Papilio demoleus Linnaeus 1758
Lime Butterfly, Chequered Swallowtail
Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree
- Kingdom: ANIMALIA
- Phylum: ARTHROPODA
- Class: INSECTA
- Order: LEPIDOPTERA
- Suborder: DITRYSIA
- Superfamily: PAPILIONOIDEA
- Family: PAPILIONIDAE
- Subfamily: PAPILIONINAE
- Tribe: PAPILIONINI
- Genus: PAPILIO
- Specific name: DEMOLEUS