Papilio demoleus (Lime Butterfly, Citrus Schwalbenschwanz)

Papilio demoleus, also called Lime Butterfly is a butterfly from Australasia / Indomalaya ecozone (Australia). The first description was in 1758 by Linnaeus. The wingspan is about 8 – 9 cm. This butterfly is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. Papilio demoleus is black. It has a large number of yellow spots.



Photos for easy identification

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see some photos of Papilio demoleus (Lime Butterfly). Papilio demoleus is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE from Australasia / Indomalaya (Australia).


Description

The fore wings are black. At the outer edge there is a chain of yellow spots. Next to the body there are four chains of little yellow spots. There are some other yellow spots at the rest of wing.
The underside of Papilio demoleus is very similar to the upside. Next to the body there are four yellow lines.

The hind wings of Papilio demoleus are black. The edge is wavy. Next to the body the wing is spotted by yellow scales. The wing is dominated by a broad, yellow band. This band contains a big eye. At the outer edge there are five yellow spots. At the inner edge there is a red eye-spot.  
The underside is similar to the upside. But all yellow marks are bigger than the marks on the upside. Next to the body there is a yellow area with black lines. In the middle of the wing there are blue and orange spots. 

The body is black, but the underside is yellow.   

Sex differences: --- 


Distribution

Papilio demoleus (Lime Butterfly) is a butterfly from the Australasia / Indomalaya (Australia) ecozone. You can observe this butterfly in the whole ecozone.


This world map shows the ecozones in which this butterfly is distributed.

Larval food

Rutaceae:

General information

The first description of this butterfly was in 1758  by Linnaeus. There are five subspecies.

This butterfly is very common. It is easy to observe it in a garden.


Macro photos

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer macro photograph of Papilio demoleus (upside)
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer macro photograph of Papilio demoleus (underside)
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer macro photograph of Papilio demoleus (upside)
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer macro photograph of Papilio demoleus (underside)

Here you can see some macro photos of Papilio demoleus.


Protection provisions / Red List

Similar and closely-related species

Papilio demodocus Esper 1798 (Citrus butterfly, Orange Dog, Christmas Butterfly) AFROTROPIS  

Papilio erithonioides Grose-Smith 1891 AFROTROPIS  

Papilio grosesmithi Rothschild 1926 AFROTROPIS  


Scientific name

Papilio demoleus Linnaeus 1758 


Other names

 Lime Butterfly, Chequered Swallowtail
 Citrus Schwalbenschwanz


Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree

To family tree (Genus: PAPILIO)...    


Ecozone

AUSTRALASIA / INDOMALAYA (Australia)

 

To the top

Back to family Papilionidae from AUSTRALAISA / INDOMALAYA (AUSTRALIA) 

 

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