Papilio demolion (Banded Swallowtail)

Papilio demolion, also called Banded Swallowtail is a butterfly from Australasia / Indomalaya ecozone (Australia). The first description was in 1776 by Cramer. The wingspan is about 9 – 10 cm. This butterfly is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. Papilio demolion is black. A yellow band dominates the wings.



Photos for easy identification

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see some photos of Papilio demolion (Banded Swallowtail). Papilio demolion is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE from Australasia / Indomalaya (Australia).


Description

The fore wings are black. A yellow band dominates the wing. At the wing tip the yellow band is split into spots.
The underside of Papilio demolion is very similar to the upside. The basic colour is dark-brown. At the wing leading edge there are some thin, yellow stripes. At the outer edge there is a yellow wavy line.

The hind wings of Papilio demolion are black and they have tails. The edge is wavy. The wing is dominated by a broad, yellow band. At the outer edge there is a chain of yellow spots. At the inner edge there is a hinted eye-spot.  
The underside is dark-brown. Next to the body the wing is spotted by yellow scales. Two yellow bands dominate the wing. Between these yellow bands there is a chain of tiny blue spots. 

The body is black, but the underside is yellow.   

Sex differences: ---


Distribution

Papilio demolion (Banded Swallowtail) is a butterfly from the Australasia / Indomalaya (Australia) ecozone. You can observe this butterfly in the region Thailand, Indonesia and Philippines.


This world map shows the ecozones in which this butterfly is distributed.

Larval food

Rutaceae:

General information

The first description of this butterfly was in 1776  by Cramer. There are two subspecies. 



Macro photos

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer macro photograph of Papilio demolion (upside)
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer macro photograph of Papilio demolion (underside)
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer macro photograph of Papilio demolion (upside)
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer macro photograph of Papilio demolion (underside)

Here you can see some macro photos of Papilio demolion.


Protection provisions / Red List

Similar and closely-related species

Papilio gigon C. & R. Felder 1864  


Scientific name

Papilio demolion Cramer 1776 


Other names

Banded Swallowtail
Gebänderter Schwalbenschwanz


Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree

To family tree (Genus: PAPILIO)...    


Ecozone

AUSTRALASIA / INDOMALAYA (Australia)

 

To the top

Back to family Papilionidae from AUSTRALAISA / INDOMALAYA (AUSTRALIA) 

 

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Pierides sp.
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