Photos for easy identification
The forewings are black. In the pinion there are two isolated blue-green spots. At the wing leading edge there are a blue-green spot and a short blue-green band.
The underside is dark brown.
The hind wings are black and have short tails. The margin is ridged. At the margin there is a chains of blue-green spots. There is a broad blue-green area on the wing.
The underside is brown. At the margin there is a chain of tiny golden spots, but three of this spots are small. At the inner edge there is a golden eye.
The body is black, but the underside is brown.
Sex differences: The female is lighter than male. The underside of female is dark brown and marmorate. The blue-green areas are not so bright and on hind wings there are more blue-green spots.
Here you can see some macro photographs of Papilio epiphorbas.
The first description of this butterfly was in 1833 by Boisduval. There are no subspecies.
There are many similar species.
Protection provisions / Red List
- CITES: (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora):
-no entry- (as at 23.06.2005)
- EU regulation on trading with species of wild Fauna and Flora
-no entry- (as at 19.08.2005)
- IUCN Red List of threatened species:
-no entry- (as at 2004) (see: www.redlist.org/)
Similar and closely-related species
Papilio aethiops Rothschild & Jordan 1905
Papilio epiphorbas Boisduval 1833
Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree
- Kingdom: ANIMALIA
- Phylum: ARTHROPODA
- Class: INSECTA
- Order: LEPIDOPTERA
- Suborder: DITRYSIA
- Superfamily: PAPILIONOIDEA
- Family: PAPILIONIDAE
- Subfamily: PAPILIONINAE
- Tribe: PAPILIONINI
- Genus: PAPILIO
- Specific name: EPIPHORBAS