Photos for easy identification
The fore wings are black. In the middle of the wing there is a yellow band . At the wing tip there is a chain of little, yellow spots.
The underside of Papilio garamas is very similar to the upside. But the basic colour is dark brown.
The hind wings of Papilio garamas are black and they have two tails. The edge is wavy. A broad, yellow band dominates the wing. At the outer edge there is a chain of little, yellow spots.
The underside is very similar to the upside. But, the basic colour is dark brown. And at the outer edge there is a chain of little, red spots.
The body is dark brown. The thorax is dark brown. The head dark brown. The underside of all parts is dark brown.
Sex differences: The female is dark brown. The hind wings have an additional chain of blue spots. The yellow spots are partly red.
Papilio garamas is a butterfly from the Neotropic ecozone (South America). The area of distribution of this butterfly stretches from Mexico to Panama.
The first description of this butterfly was in 1829 by Geyer. There are four subspecies.
- Papilio garamas abderus [Hopffer, 1856]
- Papilio garamas baroni [Rothschild & Jordan, 1906]
- Papilio garamas electryon [Bates, 1864]
- Papilio garamas syedra [Godman & Salvin, 1878]
Here you can see the subspecies Papilio garamas abderus (male left / female right).
Here you can see some macro photos of Papilio garamas.
Protection provisions / Red List
- CITES: (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora):
- EU regulation on trading with species of wild Fauna and Flora
- IUCN Red List of threatened species:
Papilio garamas Geyer 1829
Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree
- Kingdom: ANIMALIA
- Phylum: ARTHROPODA
- Class: INSECTA
- Order: LEPIDOPTERA
- Suborder: DITRYSIA
- Superfamily: PAPILIONOIDEA
- Family: PAPILIONIDAE
- Subfamily: PAPILIONINAE
- Tribe: PAPILIONINI
- Genus: PAPILIO
- Specific name: GARAMAS