Papilio helenus (Red Helen, Rote Helene)

Papilio helenus, also called Red Helen is a butterfly from Australasia / Indomalaya ecozone (Australia). The first description was in 1758 by Linnaeus. The wingspan is about 10 – 12 cm. This butterfly is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. Papilio helenus is black. A yellow area dominates the hind wings.



Photos for easy identification

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see some photos of Papilio helenus (female). Papilio helenus is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE from Australasia / Indomalaya (Australia).


Description

The fore wings are black. 
The underside of Papilio helenus is nearly a copy of upside. The basic colour is dark-brown. At the front edge there are four yellow stripes. At the outer edge there are many, yellow stripes.

The hind wings of Papilio helenus are black and they have tails. The edge is wavy. The wing is dominated by a broad, white or yellowish area. At the inner edge thereare  two eye-spot. At the outer edge there is a chain of small red spots. 
The underside is a copy from upside, but the red spots are bigger than the same spots on the upside of the wing..  

The body is black, but the underside is dark-brown.   

Sex differences: ---


Distribution

Papilio helenus (Red Helen) is a butterfly from the Australasia / Indomalaya (Australia) ecozone. You can observe this butterfly in the geographic triangle India, Indonesia and the South of China.


This world map shows the ecozones in which this butterfly is distributed.

Larval food

Rutaceae:

General information

The first description of this butterfly was in 1758  by Linnaeus. There are eleven subspecies.

This butterfly flies in woody areas and also often in gardens.


Macro photos

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer macro photograph of Papilio helenus (upside)
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer macro photograph of Papilio helenus (upside)
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer macro photograph of Papilio helenus (underside)
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer macro photograph of Papilio helenus (underside)

Here you can see some macro photos of Papilio helenus.


Protection provisions / Red List

Similar and closely-related species

Papilio diophantus Grose-Smith 1883 

Papilio iswara White 1824   

Papilio iswaroides Fruhstorfer 1898 

Papilio nephelus Boisduval 1836 

Papilio sataspes C. & R. Felder 1865  


Scientific name

Papilio helenus Linnaeus 1758


Other names

 Red Helen
 Rote Helene


Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree

To family tree (Genus: PAPILIO)...    


Ecozone

AUSTRALASIA / INDOMALAYA (Australia)

 

To the top

Back to family Papilionidae from AUSTRALAISA / INDOMALAYA (AUSTRALIA) 

 

Apatura iris
Inachis io
Nymphalis antiopa
Apatura iris
Vanessa atalanta
Papilio machaon
Pierides sp.
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