Papilio indra (Short-Tailed Black Swallowtail)

Papilio indra, also called Short-Tailed Black Swallowtail is a butterfly from Nearctic ecozone (North America). The first description was in 1866 by Reakirt. The wingspan is about 7 – 8 cm. Papilio indra is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. The basic colour of this butterfly is black with white and blue spots. The hind wings have short tails.



Photos for easy identification

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see some photos of Papilio indra (Short-Tailed Black Swallowtail) (male above / female below). Papilio indra is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE from Nearctic ecozone (North America).


Description

The forewings are black. In the middle of the wing and at the outer edge there is a chain of white spots. At the front edge there are three little, white spots.
The underside of Papilio indra is very similar to the upside. But, the basic colour is dark brown.

The hind wings of Papilio indra are black and they have short tails. The edge is wavy. In the middle of the wing there is a thin white band. At the outer edge there is a chain of white spots and a chain of blue spots. At the inner edge there is a red-black eye-spot.
The underside is very similar to the upside. But, the basic colour is dark brown. There are some additional red spots.

The body (abdomen)
 is black. The thorax is black. The head is black. The underside of all parts is black.

Sex differences: None


Distribution

This world map shows the ecozones in which this butterfly is distributed.

Papilio indra is a butterfly from the Nearctic ecozone (North America). The area of ​​distribution of this butterfly stretches along the westcoast of USA (Arizona, Utha, Colorado, Californien, Oregon und Nevada).

Larval food

Umbelliferae:

Rutaceae:

General information

The first description of this butterfly was in 1866 by Reakirt. There are twelve subspecies.

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see the subspecies Papilio indra fordi (female). The wingspan is about 5 - 6 cm.


Protection provisions / Red List

Similar and closely-related species

Papilio polyxenes Fabricius 1775


Scientific name

Papilio indra Reakirt 1866


Other names

 Short-Tailed Black Swallowtail, Indra Swallowtail, Cliff Swallowtail


Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree

To the family tree (Genus: PAPILIO)...


 

To the top

Back to family Papilionidae from NEARCTIC (NORTH AMERICA)


Apatura iris
Inachis io
Nymphalis antiopa
Apatura iris
Vanessa atalanta
Papilio machaon
Pierides sp.
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