Papilio indra (Short-Tailed Black Swallowtail)
Papilio indra, also called Short-Tailed Black Swallowtail is a . The first description was in 1866 by Reakirt. The wingspan is about 7 – 8 cm. Papilio indra is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. The basic colour of this butterfly is black with white and blue spots. The hind wings have short tails.
Photos for easy identification
Here you can see some photos of Papilio indra (Short-Tailed Black Swallowtail) (male above / female below). Papilio indra is a member of the
The forewings are black. In the middle of the wing and at the outer edge there is a chain of white spots. At the front edge there are three little, white spots.
The underside of Papilio indra is very similar to the upside. But, the basic colour is dark brown.
The hind wings of Papilio indra are black and they have short tails. The edge is wavy. In the middle of the wing there is a thin white band. At the outer edge there is a chain of white spots and a chain of blue spots. At the inner edge there is a red-black eye-spot.
The underside is very similar to the upside. But, the basic colour is dark brown. There are some additional red spots.
The body (abdomen) is black. The thorax is black. The head is black. The underside of all parts is black.
Sex differences: None
Papilio indra is a butterfly from the Nearctic ecozone (North America). The area of distribution of this butterfly stretches along the westcoast of USA (Arizona, Utha, Colorado, Californien, Oregon und Nevada).
- Aletes acaulis
- Cymopterus panamintensis
- Cymopterus purpureus
- Harbouria trachypleura
- Lomatium dissectum
- Lomatium eastwoodiae
- Lomatium grayi
- Lomatium junceum
- Lomatium latilobum
- Lomatium lucidum
- Lomatium marginatum
- Lomatium nuttallii
- Lomatium parryi
- Lomatium scabrum
- Lomatium triternatum
- Musineon tenuifolium
- Pteryxia hendersonii
- Pteryxia petraea
- Pteryxia terebinthina
- Tauschia arguta
- Tauschia parishii
- Thamnosma montana
The first description of this butterfly was in 1866 by Reakirt. There are twelve subspecies.
- Papilio indra bonnevillensis [Whaley, ?2000]
- Papilio indra calcicola [Emmel & Griffin, 1998]
- Papilio indra fordi [Comstock & Martin, 1956]
- Papilio indra kaibabensis [Bauer, 1955]
- Papilio indra martini [Emmel & Emmel, 1966]
- Papilio indra minori [Cross, 1937]
- Papilio indra nevadensis [Emmel & Emmel, 1971]
- Papilio indra panamintensis [Emmel, 1982]
- Papilio indra pergamus [H. Edwards, 1874]
- Papilio indra phyllisae [Emmel, 1982]
- Papilio indra pygmaeus [Emmel, Emmel & Griffin,1998]
- Papilio indra shastensis [Emmel & Emmel, 1998]
Protection provisions / Red List
- CITES: (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora):
- EU regulation on trading with species of wild Fauna and Flora
- IUCN Red List of threatened species:
Similar and closely-related species
Papilio indra Reakirt 1866
Short-Tailed Black Swallowtail, Indra Swallowtail, Cliff Swallowtail
Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree
- Kingdom: ANIMALIA
- Phylum: ARTHROPODA
- Class: INSECTA
- Order: LEPIDOPTERA
- Suborder: DITRYSIA
- Superfamily: PAPILIONOIDEA
- Family: PAPILIONIDAE
- Subfamily: PAPILIONINAE
- Tribe: PAPILIONINI
- Genus: PAPILIO
- Specific name: INDRA