Papilio jacksoni (Jackson´s Swallowtail)
Papilio jacksoni, also called Jackson´s Swallowtail is a butterfly from . The first description was in 1891 by Sharpe. The wingspan is about 9 – 10 cm. This butterfly is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. The basic colour of Papilio jacksoni is black. White bands and spots dominate the wings.
Photos for easy identification
The fore wings are black. In the middle of the wing there is a chain of small, white spots.
The underside of Papilio jacksoni is very similar to the upside. But, the basic colour is brown. At the wing leading edge there is an additional, white spot.
The hind wings of Papilio jacksoni are black. The edge is wavy. A broad, white band dominates the wing. At the outer edge there is a chain of little, white spots.
The underside is brown. Next to the body there is a red-brown area with black spots and stripes. In the middle of the wing there is a white band with black veins and stripes. At the outer edge there is a chain of little, white spots. There are also two additional, white spots.
The body (abdomen) is black. The thorax and the head are black. The underside of all parts is brown.
Sex differences: The basic colour of the female is dark-brown. At the outer edge of the fore wing there is a chain of white spots. Another three white spots dominate the middle of the wing. A big, yellow area dominate the hind wings.
Papilio jacksoni is a butterfly from the Afrotropic (Africa) ecozone. You can observe this butterfly from Sudan until Tanzania.
The first description of this butterfly was in 1891 by Sharpe. There are five subspecies.
- Papilio jacksoni hecqui [Berger, 1954]
- Papilio jacksoni imatonga [Clifton & Collins, 1997]
- Papilio jacksoni kungwe [Cottrell, 1963]
- Papilio jacksoni nyika [Cottrell, 1963]
- Papilio jacksoni ruandana [Le Cerf, 1924]
Protection provisions / Red List
- CITES: (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora):
-no entry- (as at 23.06.2005)
- EU regulation on trading with species of wild Fauna and Flora
-no entry- (as at 19.08.2005)
- IUCN Red List of threatened species:
-no entry- (as at 2004) (see: www.redlist.org/)
Similar and closely-related species
Papilio jacksoni Sharpe 1891
Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree
- Kingdom: ANIMALIA
- Phylum: ARTHROPODA
- Class: INSECTA
- Order: LEPIDOPTERA
- Suborder: DITRYSIA
- Superfamily: PAPILIONOIDEA
- Family: PAPILIONIDAE
- Subfamily: PAPILIONINAE
- Tribe: PAPILIONINI
- Genus: PAPILIO
- Specific name: JACKSONI