Papilio menestheus (Western Emperor Swallowtail)
Photos for easy identification
The fore wings are dark-brown. In the middle of the wing there is a chain of large, yellow spots. At the outer edge there is a chain of little, yellow spots. At the front edge there are two little, yellow spots.
The underside of Papilio menestheus is very similar to the upside. But, next to the body there are additional, yellow lines.
The hind wings of Papilio menestheus are dark-brown and they have tails. The edge is wavy. In the middle of the wing there is a yellow band. At the outer edge there is a chain of yellow spots. Two big eye-spots dominate the wing.
The underside is very similar to the upside. But, next to the body there are additional, yellow lines.
The body (abdomen) is black. The thorax and the head are black. The underside of all parts is yellow.
Sex differences: None.
Papilio menestheus is a butterfly from the Afrotropic (Africa) ecozone. You can observe this butterfly from Senegal until Cameroon.
- Clausena anisata
The first description of this butterfly was in 1773 by Drury. There is only one subspecies.
- Papilio menestheus canui [Gauthier, 1984]
Protection provisions / Red List
- CITES: (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora):
- EU regulation on trading with species of wild Fauna and Flora:
- IUCN Red List of threatened species:
Similar and closely-related species
Papilio menestheus Drury 1773
Western Emperor Swallowtail
Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree
- Kingdom: ANIMALIA
- Phylum: ARTHROPODA
- Class: INSECTA
- Order: LEPIDOPTERA
- Suborder: DITRYSIA
- Superfamily: PAPILIONOIDEA
- Family: PAPILIONIDAE
- Subfamily: PAPILIONINAE
- Tribe: PAPILIONINI
- Genus: PAPILIO
- Specific name: MENESTHEUS