Papilio palamedes (Laurel Swallowtail)

Papilio palamedes, also called Laurel Swallowtail is a butterfly from Neotropic ecozone (South America). The first description was in 1773 by Drury. The wingspan is about 9 – 11 cm. Papilio palamedes is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. The basic colour of this butterfly is dark brown or black. Yellow bands and spots dominate the wings. The hind wings have tails.



Photos for easy identification

Photo © by Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see some photos of Papilio palamedes (Laurel Swallowtail). Papilio palamedes is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE from Neotropic ecozone (South America).


Description

The forewings are dark brown or black. At the outer edge there are two chains of yellowish spots.
The underside of Papilio palamedes is very similar to the upside. But, there is an additional yellow spot.

The hind wings of Papilio palamedes are dark brown or black and they have tails. The edge is wavy. A yellow band dominates the wing. At the outer edge there is a chain of yellow spots. At the inner edge there is a blue-black-red eye spot.
The underside is brown. Two chains of orange spots dominate the wing. Between these two chains there is a chain of blue spots. Next to the body there is a yellow stripe.

The body (abdomen) is brown. The thorax and the head are brown and they have two yellow stripes. The underside of all parts is brown and has yellow stripes.

Sex differences: None.


Distribution

Papilio palamedes  is a butterfly from the Neotropic ecozone (South America). The area of ​​distribution of this butterfly stretches from USA (Florida, Texas) to Mexico.

This world map shows the ecozones in which this butterfly is distributed.

Larval food

 

Lauraceae:

Magnoliaceae:

General information

The first description of this butterfly was in 1773 by Drury. There is only one subspecies.

Papilio palamedes is a wanderer. The flight period is from March to December. This butterfly fly in humid woods and marshes.

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see the subspecies Papilio palamedes leontis (female). The wingspan is about 10 cm.


Protection provisions / Red List

Similar and closely-related species

Papilio troilus Linnaeus 1758 NEARCTIC


Scientific name

Papilio palamedes Drury 1773


Other names

 Laurel Swallowtail


Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree

To the family tree (Genus: PAPILIO)...


Ecozone

NEOTROPIC (South America)

 

To the top

Back to family Papilionidae from NEOTROPIC (SOUTH AMERICA)


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