Papilio pelaus (Pelaus Swallowtail)

Papilio pelaus, also called Pelaus Swallowtail is a butterfly from Neotropic ecozone (South America). The first description was in 1775 by Fabricius. The wingspan is about 8 – 10 cm. Papilio pelaus is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. The basic colour of this butterfly is dark brown or black. White bands and red spots dominate the wings. The hind wings have tails.



Photos for easy identification

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see some photos of Papilio pelaus imerius (Pelaus Swallowtail). Papilio pelaus is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE from Neotropic ecozone (South America).


Description

The forewings are dark brown or black. A thin white band dominates the wing.
The underside of Papilio pelaus is very similar to the upside.

The hind wings of Papilio pelaus are dark brown or black and they have tails. The edge is wavy. At the outer edge there is a chain of little, white spots and a chain of red spots.
The underside is very similar to the upside. But, there is an additional chain of white spots. The red spots are bigger.

The body (abdomen) is dark brown. The thorax is dark brown. The head is dark brown. The underside of all parts is dark brown. The underside of the thorax has red spots.

Sex differences: ---


Distribution

Papilio pelaus is a butterfly from the Neotropic ecozone (South America). The area of ​​distribution of this butterfly stretches from the South of Mexico to Panama.


This world map shows the ecozones in which this butterfly is distributed.

Larval food

Rutaceae:

General information

The first description of this butterfly was in 1775 by Fabricius. There are three subspecies.

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see the subspecies Papilio pelaus imerius. The wingspan is about 9 - 10 cm.


Macro photographs

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer; Macro photograph of Papilio pelaus imerius (underside)

Here you can see some macro photographs of Papilio pelaus.


Protection provisions / Red List

Similar and closely-related species

Papilio oxynius Geyer 1827


Scientific name

Papilio pelaus Fabricius 1775


Other names

 Pelaus Swallowtail


Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree

To family tree (Genus: PAPILIO)...   


Ecozone

NEOTROPIC (South America)

 

To the top

Back to family Papilionidae from NEOTROPIC (SOUTH AMERICA)


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