Papilio polyctor (Common Peacock)

Papilio polyctor, also called Common Peacock is a butterfly from Australasia / Indomalaya ecozone (Australia). The first description was in 1836 by Boisduval. The wingspan is about 10 – 12 cm. This butterfly is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. Papilio polyctor is black. A blue area dominates the hind wings.



Photos for easy identification

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Fotograf Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Fotograf Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see some photos of Papilio polyctor (Common Peacock). Papilio polyctor is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE from Australasia / Indomalaya (Australia).


Description

The fore wings are black. At the outer edge there is a green band. 
The underside of Papilio polyctor is dark-brown. The veins are black.  

The hind wings of Papilio polyctor are black and they have broad tails. The edge is wavy. A blue area dominates the wing. In the middle of the wing there is a green band. 
The underside is dark-brown. At the outer edge there is a chain of red spots. 

The body is black or dark-brown.   

Sex differences: ---


Distribution

Papilio polyctor (Common Peacock) is a butterfly from the Australasia / Indomalaya (Australia) ecozone. You can meet this butterfly from India to the South of China and to Thailand.


This world map shows the ecozones in which this butterfly is distributed.

Larval food

Rutaceae:

General information

The first description of this butterfly was in 1836  by Boisduval. There are three subspecies.

Photo © by Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see the subspecies Papilio polyctor stockleyi.

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see the form Papilio polyctor f perroza.

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see the variation Papilio polyctor v triumphator.


Macro - photos

Photo © by Thomas Neubauer; macro photograph of Papilio polyctor stockleyi (upside)
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer; macro photograph of Papilio polyctor stockleyi (upside)
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Fotograf Thomas Neubauer macro photograph of Papilio polyctor (upside)
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Fotograf Thomas Neubauer macro photograph of Papilio polyctor (underside)

Here you can see some macro photos of Papilio polyctor.


Protection provisions / Red List

Similar and closely-related species

Papilio arcturus Westwood 1842 (Blue Peacock, Arcturus swallowtail)

Papilio krishna Moore 1857 (Krishna Peacock) 


Scientific name

Papilio polyctor Boisduval 1836


Other names

Common Peacock
Gewöhnlicher Pfau


Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree

To family tree (Genus: PAPILIO)...    


Ecozone

AUSTRALASIA / INDOMALAYA (Australia)

 

To the top

Back to family Papilionidae from AUSTRALAISA / INDOMALAYA (AUSTRALIA) 

 

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