Papilio polyxenes (Black Swallowtail)
Photos for easy identification
Here you can see some photos of Papilio polyxenes (Black Swallowtail). Papilio polyxenes is a member of the
The forewings are black. At the front edge there are two little, yellow spots. At the outer edge there are two chains of yellow spots.
The underside of Papilio polyxenes is very similar to the upside. But, the basic colour is dark brown.
The hind wings of Papilio polyxenes are black and they have short tails. The edge is wavy. A chain of blue spots and two chains of yellow spots dominat the wing. At the inner edge there is a red-black eye-spot.
The underside is very similar to the upside. But, the basic colour is dark brown.
The body (abdomen) is black and it has yellow spots. The thorax is black and it has yellow spots. The head is black and it has yellow spots. The underside of all parts is black.
Sex differences: None
- Anethum graveolens
- Angelica ampla
- Angelica atropurpurea
- Angelica venenosa
- Apium graveolens
- Berula erecta
- Carum carvi
- Cicuta bulbifera
- Cicuta douglasii
- Cicuta maculata
- Conium maculatum
- Cryptotaenia canadensis
- Cymopterus panamintensis
- Daucus carota
- Daucus dioica
- Daucus pusillus
- Eryngium cuneifolium
- Foeniculum vulgare
- Harbouria trachypleura
- Heracleum maximum
- Levisticum officinale
- Ligusticum scoticum
- Musineon tenuifolium
- Osmorhiza claytonii
- Pastinaca sativa
The first description of this butterfly was in 1775 by Fabricius. There are seven subspecies.
- Papilio polyxenes americus [Kollar, 1849]
- Papilio polyxenes asterius [Stoll, 1782]
- Papilio polyxenes coloro [Wright, 1905] hat größere gelbe Bereiche
- Papilio polyxenes gerardi [Bollino & Vitale, 2002]
- Papilio polyxenes kahli [Chermock, 1937]
- Papilio polyxenes sadalus [Lucas, 1852]
- Papilio polyxenes stabilis [Rothschild & Jordan, 1906]
The caterpillar is green with black strips and yellow spots. The flight-period of Papilio polyxenes is from April to October.
Here you can see the subspecies Papilio polyxenes americus. The wingspan is about 8 - 9 cm.
Here you can see the subspecies Papilio polyxenes asterius. The wingspan is about 7 - 10 cm.
Here you can see the subspecies Papilio polyxenes stabilis. The wingspan is about 7 - 9 cm.
Here you can see the variation Papilio polyxenes ampliata. The wingspan is about 9 - 10 cm.
Protection provisions / Red List
- CITES: (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora):
- EU regulation on trading with species of wild Fauna and Flora
- IUCN Red List of threatened species:
Similar and closely-related species
Papilio polyxenes Fabricius 1775
Black Swallowtail, Eastern Black Swallowtail, American Swallowtail
Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree
- Kingdom: ANIMALIA
- Phylum: ARTHROPODA
- Class: INSECTA
- Order: LEPIDOPTERA
- Suborder: DITRYSIA
- Superfamily: PAPILIONOIDEA
- Family: PAPILIONIDAE
- Subfamily: PAPILIONINAE
- Tribe: PAPILIONINI
- Genus: PAPILIO
- Specific name: POLYXENES