Papilio protenor (Spangle)

Papilio protenor, also called Spangle is a butterfly from Australasia / Indomalaya ecozone (Australia). The first description was in 1775 by Cramer. The wingspan is about 10 – 13 cm. This butterfly is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. The basic colour of Papilio protenor is brown or black.



Photos for easy identification

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see some photos of Papilio protenor (Spangle) (male above / female below). Papilio protenor is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE from Australasia / Indomalaya (Australia).


Description

The fore wings are dark-brown. The veins are black.
The underside of Papilio protenor is very similar to the upside.

The hind wings of Papilio protenor are black. The edge is wavy. The bigger part of the wing is spotted by whitish-blue scales. At the inner edge there is a red eye-spot. At the front edge there is a yellow stripe.   
The underside is black. Four red spots dominate the wing. 

The body (abdomen) is brown. The thorax and the head are also brown.   

Sex differences: The basic colour of the female is brown. At the upside of the hind wings there are red spots. The female has more red-spots at the underside than the male.


Distribution

Papilio protenor is a butterfly from the Australasia / Indomalaya (Australia) ecozone and Palaearctic (Asia) ecozone. You can observe this butterfly from the North of India until Japan.


This world map shows the ecozones in which this butterfly is distributed.

Larval food

Rutaceae:

General information

The first description of this butterfly was in 1775 by Cramer. There are four subspecies.

Here you can see the subspecies Papilio protenor demetrius (male left; female right).

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see the subspecies Papilio protenor euprotenor (male left; female right).

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see the subspecies Papilio protenor liukiudensis (male left; female right).


Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer

Macro photos

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer macro photograph of Papilio protenor m (underside)
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer macro photograph of Papilio protenor f (underside)

Here you can see some macro photos of Papilio protenor.


Protection provisions / Red List

Similar and closely-related species

Papilio alcmenor C. & R. Felder 1864 (Redbreast)

Papilio macilentus Janson 1877

Papilio thaiwanus Rothschild 1898


Scientific name

Papilio protenor Cramer 1775


Other names

Spangle


Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree

To family tree (Genus: PAPILIO)...    


Ecozone

AUSTRALASIA / INDOMALAYA (Australia)

 

To the top

Back to family Papilionidae from AUSTRALAISA / INDOMALAYA (AUSTRALIA) 

 

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