Papilio rumanzovia (Scarlet Mormon, Scharlachroter Schwalbenschwanz, Mormon écarlate)

Papilio rumanzovia, also called Scarlet Mormon is a very impressive butterfly from Australasia / Indomalaya ecozone (Australia). The first description was in 1821 by Eschscholtz. The wingspan is about 12.0 – 14.0 cm. The Scarlet Mormon is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. The butterfly is black with great scarlet cycles. Hind wings have no tails.



Photos for easy identification

Photo © by Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer

These are nice photos of Papilio rumanzovia (Scharlachroter Schwalbenschwanz, Mormon Écarlate, Scarlet Mormon) (male). Papilio rumanzovia is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE from Australasia / Indomalaya ecozone (Australia).  

Description

The forewings are black. Next to the margin there are many whitish stripes.
The underside is nearly a copy of upside, because the whitish stripes are broader than upside. Nearby the body there is a red area.

The hind wings
are black and have no tails. The margin is ridged. One part of wing is black. The other part is bluish or whitish and has many black veins or stripes. In back there is a black and red eye.
The underside is black. Nearby the body there is a red area. At the margin there is a chain of big red circles.

The body
is black.

Sex differences:
The Females has on hind wings no blue, but some red cycles like the underside.

Distribution

The Scarlet Mormon (Papilio rumanzovia) is a butterfly of the Australasia / Indomalaya ecozone (Australia). The distribution enfolded Celebes, Borneo, Java, Sumatra and the Philippines.

This world map shows the ecozones in which this butterfly is distributed.

Larval food

---

General information

The first description of this butterfly was in 1821 by Eschscholtz. There are no subspecies.
The male is very similar to the male of Papilio ascalaphus [Boisduval, 1836 ] (Ascalaphus Swallowtail). A good differentiator are the tails. The Scarlet Swallowtail has no tails, but Papilio ascalaphus has tails on hind wings.

Photo © by Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see a female of Papilio rumanzovia.

Photo © by Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see a male of Papilio rumanzovia alive.

Protection provisions / Red List

Similar and closely-related species

Papilio ascalaphus [Boisduval, 1836 ] (Ascalaphus Swallowtail) 

Scientific name

Papilio rumanzovia Eschscholtz 1821

Synonym

 Scarlet Mormon
 Scharlachroter Schwalbernschwanz
 Mormon Écarlate
 Mormón escarlata  

Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree

To family tree (Genus: PAPILIO)...  

Ecozone

AUSTRALASIA / INDOMALAYA (Australia)

 

To the top

Back to family Papilionidae from AUSTRALASIA / INDOMALAYA (AUSTRALIA)

 

 

Ads / Werbung:

Vanessa atalanta
Papilio machaon
Inachis io
Apatura iris
Apatura iris