Papilio troilus (Spicebush Swallowtail)
Papilio troilus, also called Spicebush Swallowtail, is a butterfly from . The first description was in 1758 by Linnaeus. The wingspan is about 7 – 9 cm. This butterfly is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. Papilio troilusis black. It has yellow and red spots.
Photos for easy identification
Here you can see some photos of Papilio troilus (Spicebush Swallowtail) (male above / female below). Papilio troilus is a member of the
The fore wings are black. At the outer edge there is a chain of yellow spots.
The underside of Papilio troilus is dark-brown. At the outer edge there are two chains of yellow spots.
The hind wings of Papilio troilus are black and they have tails. The edge is strong wavy. At the outer edge there is a chain of big yellow spots. There are two red spots on the wing. In the middle of the wing there is a yellowish band.
The underside is dark-brown. At the outer edge there are two chains of red spots. Between these chains there is a bluish band.
The body is black. It has some yellow dots.
Sex differences: The basic colour of the female is dark-brown. There is no yellowish band on the hind wings.
- Cinnamomum camphora
- Lindera benzoin
- Lindera melissifolia
- Persea borbonia
- Sassafras albidum
- Liriodendron tulipifera
- Magnolia virginiana
- Photinia arbutifolia
- Prunus persica
- Prunus serotina
- Zanthoxylum americanum
- Zanthoxylum clava-herculis
The first description of this butterfly was in 1758 by Linnaeus. There is only one subspecies.
- Papilio troilus texanus [Ehrmann, 1900]
Protection provisions / Red List
- CITES: (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora):
- EU regulation on trading with species of wild Fauna and Flora:
- IUCN Red List of threatened species:
Similar and closely-related species
Papilio troilus Linnaeus 1758
Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree
- Kingdom: ANIMALIA
- Phylum: ARTHROPODA
- Class: INSECTA
- Order: LEPIDOPTERA
- Suborder: DITRYSIA
- Superfamily: PAPILIONOIDEA
- Family: PAPILIONIDAE
- Subfamily: PAPILIONINAE
- Tribe: PAPILIONINI
- Genus: PAPILIO
- Specific name: TROILUS