Papilio ulysses (Blue Emperor, Mountain Blue)

Papilio ulysses, also called Blue Mountain Swallowtail is a butterfly from Australasia / Indomalaya ecozone (Australia). The first description was in 1758 by Linnaeus. The wingspan is about 12 – 14 cm. This butterfly is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. The basic colour of Papilio ulysses is black. A large blue area dominates the wings.



Photos for easy identification

Photo © by Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see some photos of Papilio ulysses (Blue Emperor) (male above / female below). Papilio ulysses is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE from Australasia / Indomalaya (Australia).


Description

The fore wings are black. A large blue area dominates the wing. Next to the blue area there are some hairy areas.
The underside is dark-brown. In the middle of the wing there is a big light-brown triangle.

The hind wings are black and they have tails. The edge is wavy. A large blue area dominates the wing.
The underside is dark-brown. At the outer edge there is a chain of big brown spots.

The body
(abdomen) is dark-brown. Head and thorax are black and have some blue scales. The underside of all parts is brown.

Sex differences: The females has no hairy areas on the fore wings. The blue of the female is dull.


Distribution

The Blue Emperor (Papilio ulysses) is a butterfly of the Australasia / Indomalaya ecozone (Australia). You can see this butterfly from the North of Australia until Papua New Guinea.

This world map shows the ecozones in which this butterfly is distributed.

Larval food

Rutaceae:

Verbenaceae:

General information

The first description of this butterfly was in 1758 by Linnaeus. There are many subspecies.


The caterpillar is green with one white horizontal strip and some spots.

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see the subspecies Papilio ulysses ambiguus (female).

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see the subspecies Papilio ulysses ampelius (male).

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see the subspecies Papilio ulysses autolycus (male left/ female right).

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see the subspecies Papilio ulysses dohertius (male).

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see the subspecies Papilio ulysses gabrielis (male).

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see the subspecies Papilio ulysses joesa (male left/ female right).

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see the subspecies Papilio ulysses morotaicus (male).

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see the subspecies Papilio ulysses oxyartes zu sehen (female).

Photo © by Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see the subspecies Papilio ulysses telegonus (male left/ female right).


Macro photos

Photo © by Thomas Neubauer; 20.08.2006, macro photograph of Papilio ulysses (upside)
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer; 20.08.2006, macro photograph of Papilio ulysses (upside)
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer; 20.08.2006, macro photograph of Papilio ulysses (upside)
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer; 20.08.2006, macro photograph of Papilio ulysses (upside)
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer; 20.08.2006, macro photograph of Papilio ulysses (upside)
Photo © by Thomas Neubauer; 20.08.2006, macro photograph of Papilio ulysses (underside)

Here you can see some macro photos of Papilio ulysses.


Protection provisions / Red List

Similar and closely-related species

Papilio pericles Wallace 1865 INDO-AUSTRALIS  


Scientific name

Papilio ulysses Linnaeus 1758


Synonym

 Blue Emperor, Ulysses Butterfly, Blue Mountain Swallowtail, Mountain Blue
 Blauer Kaiser, Odysseusfalter, Ulysses Schwalbenschwanz


Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree

To family tree (Genus: PAPILIO)...  

 

Ecozone

AUSTRALASIA / INDOMALAYA (Australia)

 

To the top

Back to family Papilionidae from AUSTRALASIA / INDOMALAYA (AUSTRALIA)

 

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