Papilio zalmoxis (Giant Blue Swallowtail)
Papilio zalmoxis, also called Giant Blue Swallowtail is a butterfly from . The first description was in 1864 by Hewitson. The wingspan is about 15 – 16 cm. This butterfly is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. The basic colour of Papilio zalmoxis is blue. The body is yellow.
Photos for easy identification
The fore wings are blue. The wing tip and the veins are black.
The underside of Papilio zalmoxis is white. The wing tip and the veins are brown.
The hind wings of Papilio zalmoxis are blue. The edge is wavy and black. It contains a chain of blue spots.
The underside is red-brown. The edge is dark-brown and contains a chain of white spots. In the middle of the wing there is a white area. The veins are dark-brown.
The body (abdomen) is yellow. The thorax and the head are black and they have white spots. The underside of all parts is very simmilar to the upside.
Sex differences: The basic colour of the female is yellowish.
Papilio zalmoxis is a butterfly from the Afrotropic (Africa) ecozone. You can observe this butterfly from Sierra Leone until the South of Sudan and Angola.
The first description of this butterfly was in 1864 by Hewitson. There are no subspecies.
Protection provisions / Red List
- CITES: (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora):
- EU regulation on trading with species of wild Fauna and Flora:
- IUCN Red List of threatened species:
Similar and closely-related species
Papilio zalmoxis Hewitson 1864
Giant Blue Swallowtail
Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree
- Kingdom: ANIMALIA
- Phylum: ARTHROPODA
- Class: INSECTA
- Order: LEPIDOPTERA
- Suborder: DITRYSIA
- Superfamily: PAPILIONOIDEA
- Family: PAPILIONIDAE
- Subfamily: PAPILIONINAE
- Tribe: PAPILIONINI
- Genus: PAPILIO
- Specific name: ZALMOXIS