Photos for easy identification
The fore wings are black. A green area dominates the wing.
The underside of Parides echemon is dark-brown or black. A tiny, yellow spot dominates the wing.
The hind wings of Parides echemon are black and they have a short tail. The edge is wavy. A chain of red spots dominates the wing.
The underside is very similar to the upside.
The body (abdomen) is black. The thorax is black. The head is black. The underside of all parts is black and it has red spots.
Sex differences: The basic colour of the female is brown. The hind wings (upside and underside) have a chain of red spots. The fore wings have a white area.
Parides echemon is a butterfly from the Neotropic (South America) ecozone. You can observe this butterfly from Brazil until Guiana and Peru.
- Aristolochia burchellii
- Aristolochia longecaudata
The first description of this butterfly was in 1813 by Hübner. There are three subspecies.
- Parides echemon empistocles [Küppers, 1975]
- Parides echemon ergeteles [Gray, 1853]
- Parides echemon pisander [C. & R. Felder, 1865]
Protection provisions / Red List
- CITES: (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora):
- EU regulation on trading with species of wild Fauna and Flora
- IUCN Red List of threatened species:
Parides echemon Hübner 1813
Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree
- Kingdom: ANIMALIA
- Phylum: ARTHROPODA
- Class: INSECTA
- Order: LEPIDOPTERA
- Suborder: DITRYSIA
- Superfamily: PAPILIONOIDEA
- Family: PAPILIONIDAE
- Subfamily: PAPILIONINAE
- Tribe: TROIDINI
- Subtribe: TROIDINA
- Genus: PARIDES
- Specific name: ECHEMON