Photos for easy identification
The fore wings are black. Next to the body there is a green area.
The underside of Parides erithalion is dark-brown or black.
The hind wings of Parides erithalion are black. The edge is wavy. Three red spots dominate the wing.
The underside is black. Some red spot dominates the wing.
The body (abdomen) is black. The thorax is black. The head is black with red neck. The underside of all parts is black and it has red spots.
Sex differences: The basic colour of the female is dark-brown. Yellow and orange areas dominate the wings.
Parides erithalion is a butterfly from the Neotropic (South America) ecozone. You can observe this butterfly from Mexico until Argentina.
- Aristolochia cordiflora
- Aristolochia ringens
- Aristolochia tonduzii
The first description of this butterfly was in 1836 by Boisduval. There are many subspecies.
- Parides erithalion blanca [Racheli & Möhn, 2001]
- Parides erithalion browni [Le Crom, Constantino & Salazar, 2002]
- Parides erithalion callegarii [Racheli & Racheli, 1996]
- Parides erithalion cauca [Oberthür, 1879]
- Parides erithalion chinchipensis [Joicey & Talbot, 1918]
- Parides erithalion chocoensis [Constantino, Le Crom & Salazar, 2002]
- Parides erithalion erlaces [Gray, 1853]
- Parides erithalion guillerminae [Pischedda & Racheli, 1986]
- Parides erithalion inini [Brévignon, 1998]
- Parides erithalion keithi [Racheli, 1991]
- Parides erithalion kruegeri [Niepelt, 1927]
- Parides erithalion lacydes [Hewitson, 1869]
- Parides erithalion palmasensis [Brown, 1994]
- Parides erithalion polyzelus [C. & R. Felder, 1865]
- Parides erithalion racheliorum [Lamas, 1998]
- Parides erithalion sadyattes [Druce, 1874]
- Parides erithalion smalli [Brown, 1994]
- Parides erithalion trichopus [Rothschild & Jordan, 1906]
- Parides erithalion xanthias [Rothschild & Jordan, 1906]
- Parides erithalion yaminahua [Pischedda & Racheli, 1987]
- Parides erithalion zeuxis [Lucas, 1852]
Here you can see the subspecies Parides erithalion erlaces (male left / female right). The wingspan is about 9 - 10 cm.
Here you can see the subspecies Parides erithalion lacydes (male left / female right). The wingspan is about 9 - 10 cm.
Here you can see the subspecies Parides erithalion polyzelus (male left / female right). The wingspan is about 8 - 9 cm.
Here you can see the subspecies Parides erithalion trichopus (male left / female right). The wingspan is about 7 - 8 cm.
Here you can see the subspecies Parides erithalion xanthias (male left / female right). The wingspan is about 9 - 10 cm.
Protection provisions / Red List
- CITES: (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora):
- EU regulation on trading with species of wild Fauna and Flora
- IUCN Red List of threatened species:
Similar and closely-related species
Parides erithalion Boisduval 1836
Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree
- Kingdom: ANIMALIA
- Phylum: ARTHROPODA
- Class: INSECTA
- Order: LEPIDOPTERA
- Suborder: DITRYSIA
- Superfamily: PAPILIONOIDEA
- Family: PAPILIONIDAE
- Subfamily: PAPILIONINAE
- Tribe: TROIDINI
- Subtribe: TROIDINA
- Genus: PARIDES
- Specific name: ERITHALION