Parides erithalion

Parides erithalion is a butterfly from Neotropic ecozone (South America). The first description was in 1836 by Boisduval. The wingspan is about 8 – 9 cm. Parides erithalion is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. The basic colour of this butterfly is black. Red spots and green areas dominate the wings. The hind wings have no tails.



Photos for easy identification

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see some photos of  Parides erithalion (male above / female below).  Parides erithalion is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE from Neotropic ecozone (South America).


Description

The fore wings are black. Next to the body there is a green area.
The underside of Parides erithalion is dark-brown or black.

The hind wings of Parides erithalion are black. The edge is wavy. Three red spots dominate the wing.
The underside is black. Some red spot dominates the wing.

The body (abdomen) is black. The thorax is black. The head is black with red neck. The underside of all parts is black and it has red spots. 

Sex differences: The basic colour of the female is dark-brown. Yellow and orange areas dominate the wings. 


Distribution

Parides erithalion is a butterfly from the Neotropic (South America) ecozone. You can observe this butterfly from Mexico until Argentina.

This world map shows the ecozones in which this butterfly is distributed.

Larval food

Aristolochiaceae:

General information

The first description of this butterfly was in 1836 by Boisduval. There are many subspecies.

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see the subspecies Parides erithalion erlaces (male left / female right). The wingspan is about 9 - 10 cm.

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see the subspecies Parides erithalion lacydes (male left / female right). The wingspan is about 9 - 10 cm.

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see the subspecies Parides erithalion polyzelus (male left / female right). The wingspan is about 8 - 9 cm.

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see the subspecies Parides erithalion trichopus (male left / female right). The wingspan is about 7 - 8 cm.

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see the subspecies Parides erithalion xanthias (male left / female right). The wingspan is about 9 - 10 cm.


Protection provisions / Red List

Similar and closely-related species

Parides anchises Linnaeus 1758

Parides cutorina tadinger 1898

Parides panares Gray 1835 

Parides phosphorus Bates 1861


Scientific name

Parides erithalion Boisduval 1836


Other names

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Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree

To the family tree (Genus: PARIDES)... 


Ecozone

NEOTROPIC (South America)

 

To the top

Back to family Papilionidae from NEOTROPIC (SOUTH AMERICA)

 

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