Parides lysander

Parides lysander is a butterfly from Neotropic ecozone (South America). The first description was in 1775 by Camer. The wingspan is about 8 – 10 cm. Parides lysander is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. The basic colour of this butterfly is black. Red spots and green areas dominate the wings. The hind wings have no tails.



Photos for easy identification

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see some photos of Parides lysander (male above / female below).  Parides lysander is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE from Neotropic ecozone (South America).


Description

The fore wings are black. A green area dominates the wing. The wing tip is dark-brown.
The underside of Parides lysander is dark-brown or black. Three tiny, yellowish spots dominate the wing.

The hind wings of Parides lysander are black. The edge is very wavy. In the middle of the wing there are four red spots.
The underside is very similar to the upside. But, there is an additional spot.

The body (abdomen) is black. The thorax is black. The head is black. The underside of all parts is black and it has red spots. 

Sex differences: The basic colour of the female is brown. The hind wings (upside and underside) have a chain of large, red spots.


Distribution

Parides lysander is a butterfly from the Neotropic (South America) ecozone. You can observe this butterfly from Brazil until Venezuela, Colombia and Peru.

This world map shows the ecozones in which this butterfly is distributed..

Larval food

Aristolochiaceae:

Rutaceae:

General information

The first description of this butterfly was in 1775 by Cramer. There are five subspecies.

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; PhotographerThomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; PhotographerThomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; PhotographerThomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; PhotographerThomas Neubauer

Here you can see the subspecies Parides lysander brissonius (male left / female right). The wingspan is about 9 - 10 cm.

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; PhotographerThomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; PhotographerThomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; PhotographerThomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; PhotographerThomas Neubauer

Here you can see the subspecies Parides lysander mattogrossensis (male left / female right). The wingspan is about 8 - 9 cm.


Protection provisions / Red List

Similar and closely-related species

Parides echemon Hübner 1813

Parides neophilus Geyer 1837


Scientific name

Parides lysander Cramer 1775


Other names

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Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree

To the family tree (Genus: PARIDES)... 


Ecozone

NEOTROPIC (South America)

 

To the top

Back to family Papilionidae from NEOTROPIC (SOUTH AMERICA)

 

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