Photos for easy identification
The fore wings are dark-brown or black. Next to the body there is a yellow-green area with a yellow spot.
The underside of Parides panares is dark-brown or black. A yellow spot dominates the wing.
The hind wings of Parides panares are black. The edge is wavy. A red area dominates the wing. The red area has a blue-yellow structure-colour.
The underside is dark-brown or black. Some red spots dominate the wing.
The body (abdomen) is dark-brown. The thorax is black and it has red spots. The head is black. The underside of all parts is dark-brown and it has red spots.
Sex differences: The basic colour of the female is brown. The fore wings have some yellow spots. A large orange area dominates the hind wings.
Parides panares is a butterfly from the Neotropic (South America) ecozone. You can observe this butterfly from Mexico until Ecuador and Venezuela.
- Aristolochia maxima
- Aristolochia pilosa
The first description of this butterfly was in 1853 by Gray. There are five subspecies.
- Parides panares erythrus [Rothschild & Jordan, 1906]
- Parides panares lycimenes [Boisduval, 1870]
- Parides panares paralius [Rothschild & Jordan, 1906]
- Parides panares rachelii [Brown, 1994]
- Parides panares tachira [Racheli, 1991]
The hind wings have a blue-yellow structure-colour.
Here you can see the subspecies Parides panares lycimenes (male left / female right). The wingspan is about 8 - 9 cm.
Protection provisions / Red List
- CITES: (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora):
- EU regulation on trading with species of wild Fauna and Flora
- IUCN Red List of threatened species:
Similar and closely-related species
Parides panares Gray 1853
Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree
- Kingdom: ANIMALIA
- Phylum: ARTHROPODA
- Class: INSECTA
- Order: LEPIDOPTERA
- Suborder: DITRYSIA
- Superfamily: PAPILIONOIDEA
- Family: PAPILIONIDAE
- Subfamily: PAPILIONINAE
- Tribe: TROIDINI
- Subtribe: TROIDINA
- Genus: PARIDES
- Specific name: PANARES