Photos for easy identification
The fore wings are dark-brown or black. Next to the body there is a green area.
The underside of Parides vertumnus is dark-brown or black.
The hind wings of Parides vertumnus are black. The edge is wavy. A red area with black veins dominates the wing.
The underside is black. Some red spots dominate the wing.
The body (abdomen) is black. The thorax is black. The head is black. The underside of all parts is black and it has red spots.
Sex differences: The basic colour of the female is dark-brown. A large white area dominates the fore wing. And a large red area dominates the hind wings.
Parides vertumnus is a butterfly from the Neotropic (South America) ecozone. You can observe this butterfly from Colombia and Venezuela until Brazil, Peru and Bolivia.
- Aristolochia acutifolia
- Aristolochia burhcelli
- Aristolochia elegans
- Aristolochia odoratissima
The first description of this butterfly was in 1779 by Cramer. There are eight subspecies.
- Parides vertumnus astorius [Zikán, 1940]
- Parides vertumnus autumnus [Staudinger, 1898]
- Parides vertumnus cutora [Gray, 1853]
- Parides vertumnus bogotanus [C. & R. Felder, 1864]
- Parides vertumnus diceros [Gray, 1853]
- Parides vertumnus pseudobogotanus [Krüger, 1926]
- Parides vertumnus pyrophanus [Zikán, 1937]
- Parides vertumnus yuracares [Rothschild & Jordan, 1906]
The hind wings has a structure-colour.
Protection provisions / Red List
- CITES: (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora):
- EU regulation on trading with species of wild Fauna and Flora
- IUCN Red List of threatened species:
Similar and closely-related species
Parides vertumnus Cramer 1779
Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree
- Kingdom: ANIMALIA
- Phylum: ARTHROPODA
- Class: INSECTA
- Order: LEPIDOPTERA
- Suborder: DITRYSIA
- Superfamily: PAPILIONOIDEA
- Family: PAPILIONIDAE
- Subfamily: PAPILIONINAE
- Tribe: TROIDINI
- Subtribe: TROIDINA
- Genus: PARIDES
- Specific name: VERTUMNUS