Troides magellanus (Magellan Birdwing)

Troides magellanus, also called Magellan Birdwing is a butterfly from Australasia / Indomalaya ecozone (Australia). The first description was in 1862 by C. & R. Felder. The wingspan is about 16 – 18 cm. This butterfly is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. Troides magellanus is black. The hind wings are golden. It has an optical effect. At a diagonal point of view the golden hind wings will change their colour into blue or green. The females are dark-brown or black and larger than the males.



Photos for easy identification

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see some photos of Troides magellanus (Magellan Birdwing) (male above / female below). Troides magellanus is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE from Australasia / Indomalaya (Australia).


Description

The fore wings are black. The veins are bordered by white colour.
The underside of Troides magellanus is very similar to the upside, but some veins are bordered by yellow colour.

The hind wings of Troides magellanus are golden. The veins and the edge of the wing are black. The golden area has an optical effect. Sometimes it looks like an opal. The golden colour can change into green colour or blue colour. 
The underside is very similar to the upside and has also the optical effect.

The body (abdomen) is yellowish, but the underside is yellow. Head and thorax are black.  

Sex differences: The female covers the upper range of the wing-span. The basic colour of the female is dark-brown or black. The veins are bordered by white colour. There is a golden area with dark veins on the hind wings. At the edge there is a chain of golden spots. The underside is a copy from upside.


Distribution

Troides magellanus is a butterfly from the Australasia / Indomalaya (Australia) ecozone. You can observe this butterfly in Indonesia and on the Philippines.

This world map shows the ecozones in which this butterfly is distributed.

Larval food

Aristolochiaceae

General information

The first description of this butterfly was in 1862  by C. & R. Felder. There are only one subspecies.

Troides magellanus is, like all other Birdwings a true miracle of nature. This butterfly is strictly protected. It is listed in the appendix II from CITES.

The hind wings have an optical effect. At a definite point of view the golden area can change its colour like an opal. The golden colour will change into a green colour or a blue colour. This phenomenon is very fantastic.

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see the optical effect of Troides magellanus.

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer

Here you can see the subspecies Troides magellanus sonani (male).


Macro photos

Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer macro photograph of Troides magellanus m (upside)
Photo © by Naturhistorisches Museum Wien; Photographer Thomas Neubauer macro photograph of Troides magellanus m (underside)

Here you can see some macro photos of Troides magellanus.


Protection provisions / Red List

Similar and closely-related species

Troides aeacus C. & R. Felder 1860 (Golden Birdwing)

Troides prattorum Joicey & Talbot 1922 (Buru Opalescent Birdwing)


Scientific name

Troides magellanus C. & R. Felder 1862  


Other names

 Magellan Birdwing


Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree

To family tree (Genus: TROIDES)...    


Ecozone

AUSTRALASIA / INDOMALAYA (Australia)

 

To the top

Back to family Papilionidae from AUSTRALAISA / INDOMALAYA (AUSTRALIA) 

 

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