Vanessa cardui (Painted Lady, Distelfalter, La Belle Dame)
Vanessa cardui, also called Painted Lady or Distelfalter is a common . The first description was in 1758 by Linnaeus. With a wingspan of 5.0– 6.5 cm the Painted Lady is a small member of the family NYMPHALIDAE. The butterfly is brown and has black and white spots. The Painted Lady is a migrant butterfly with a nearly worldwide distribution.
Photos for easy identification
The forewings are brown. On the wing leading edge there is a big white spot. The pinion is black and there is a chain of little white spots. There is a chain of big, black spots on the wing.
The underside is a copy from upside, but there are some differences. The pinion is grey. Nearby the body there is a pink area.
The hind wings are brown. At the margin there are three chains of black spots. In the middle of the wing there is a black spot.
The underside is brown and marmorate. At the margin there is a chain of little eyes.
The body is brown.
Sex differences: None
The flight period of the Painted Lady is from May to September.
The first description of this butterfly was in 1758 by Linnaeus. There are no subspecies.
The caterpillar is grey, green or black and it is thorny. The pupa has no silken girdl. This species overwinters as imago.
Protection provisions / Red List
- CITES: (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora):
-no entry- (as at 23.06.2005)
- EU regulation on trading with species of wild Fauna and Flora
-no entry- (as at 19.08.2005)
- IUCN Red List of threatened species:
-no entry- (as at 2004) (see: www.redlist.org/)
- Red List of endangered species of Austria:
-not endangered (category +)- (see: www.roteliste.at/)
- Regulation of the Viennese regional government:
-protected as imago- (see: www.wien.gv.at/recht/landesrecht-wien/rechtsvorschriften/html/l4800200.htm)
Similar and closely-related species
Vanessa cardui Linnaeus 1758
La Belle-Dame, La Vanessa des Chardons
Bella Dama o Cardero
Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree
- Kingdom: ANIMALIA
- Phylum: ARTHROPODA
- Class: INSECTA
- Order: LEPIDOPTERA
- Suborder: DITRYSIA
- Superfamily: PAPILIONOIDEA
- Family: NYMPHALIDAE
- Subfamilie: NYMPHALINAE
- Tribe: NYMPHALINI
- Genus: VANESSA
- Specific name: CARDUI