Zerynthia rumina (Spanish Festoon, Westlicher Osterluzeifalter, La Proserpine)

Zerynthia rumina, also called Spanish Festoon or Westlicher Osterluzeifalter is a very  charming butterfly from Palaearctic ecozone (Europe). The first description was in 1758 by Linnaeus. With a wingspan of 3.5 – 4.5 cm the Spanish Festoon is a small member of the family PAPILIONIDAE. The butterfly is yellow with black and red spots and a black sinuous line at the margin.


Photos for easy identification

Photo © by Mario Maier (Mario.Maier@butterflies.de)
Photo © by Mario Maier (Mario.Maier@butterflies.de)

These are nice photos of Zerynthia rumina (Spanish Festoon,Westlicher Osterluzeifalter). Zerynthia rumina is a member of the family PAPILIONIDAE from Palaearctic (Europe).


Description

The forewings are yellow with many black and red spots. There are a black band with yellow spots at the margin. The viens are black. There is a black area around the body.
The underside is white to yellowish with many black and red spots.

The hind wings are yellow. There is a black area around the body. In the middle of the wing there are some black spot. There are a chain of red spots going backwards.  At the margin there is a black sinuous line.
The underside is white to yellowish. It is a copy of upside, but there are some differences. Some spots and also the sinuous line are red.

The body is black, but there are white and red spots on the side.

Sex differences: None


Distribution

The Spanish Festoon (Zerynthia rumina) is a very charming butterfly of the Palaearctic ecozone (Europe). The distribution extend from the South and West of Europe (Spain, Italy, France) to the North of Africa (Marocco, Algeria).
Because of the rarity of larval food, the Spanish Festoon are not common.


This world map shows the ecozones in which this butterfly is distributed.

Flight period

The flight period of the Spanish Festoon is from March to May.


Larval food

Aristolochiaceen


General information

The first description of this butterfly was in 1758 by Linnaeus. Because of the high variability of this species, there are many subspecies.

The caterpillar is withe with many black and orange thorny warts. The pupa has a silken girdl. This species overwinters as pupa.
The number and position of the red spots are very variable like Parnassius apollo [Linnaeus, 1758] (Apollo, Apollofalter, l´Apollon).

The distribution of Southern Festoon overlap with the distributions of Spanisch Festoon (Zerynthia rumina)
The following differentiators are very useful to differ these similar species. 

Protection provisions / Red List

Similar and closely-related species

Allancastria cerisyi [Godart, 1824] (Eastern Festoon, Östliche Osterluzeifalter)

Zerynthia polyxena [Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775] (Southern Festoon, Osterluzeifalter, La Diane)


Scientific name

Zerynthia rumina Linnaeus 1758


Synonym

 Spanish Festoon
 Spanischer Osterluzeifalter,  Westlicher Osterluzeifalter
La Proserpine
 Arlequin
Aristolociasommerfugl
Spaanse pijpbloemvlinder


Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree

To the family tree (Genus: ZERYNTHIA)...


Ecozone

PALAEARCTIC (Europe)

 

To the top

Back to family Papilionidae from PALAEARCTIC (EUROPE)

 

Apatura iris
Inachis io
Nymphalis antiopa
Apatura iris
Vanessa atalanta
Papilio machaon
Pierides sp.
Our website uses cookies. OK