Araschnia levana (European Map, Landkärtchen, La Carte Géographique)
Araschnia levana, also called European Map or Landkärtchen is a little . The first description was in 1758 by Linnaeus. With a wingspan of 3.5 – 4.0 cm the European Map is a small member of the family NYMPHALIDAE. The butterfly is black or auburn with white spots. There are a auburn spring form and a black sommer form.
Photos for easy identification
The forewings are black. There are some white spots on the wing.
The underside is dark brown with whitish strips and spots, which are similar to a map.
The hind wings are black. The margin is ridged. There is a long white band in the middle of wing.
The underside is similar to the underside of forewings.
The body is grey but the upside is black.
Sex differences: None
The Eurpoean Map (Araschnia levana) is a little butterfly of the Palaearctic ecozone (Europe and Asia) and the Australasia & Indomalaya ecozone (Australia). The distribution extend from the middle of Europe to whole Asia and from Japan to Borneo, Java, Philippines and Papua New Guinea. You can see the Eurpoean Map until 1000 m sea level.
The flight period of the Eurpopean Map is from April to October.
The first description of this butterfly was in 1758 by Linnaeus. There are two subspecies.
- Araschnia levana sachalinensis [Shriôzu, 1952]
- Araschnia levana wladimiri [Kardakov, 1928]
The caterpillar is black with little white spots and it is very thorny. The caterpillar is similar to the caterpillar of Peacock. The pupa has no silken girdl. This species overwinters as pupa.
The European Map has two forms. The spring form is auburn an similar to the Painted Lady (Vanessa cardui). The sommer form is black and similar to the Poplar Admiral (Limenitis populi) and the White Admiral (Limenitis camilla).
A European Map with criteria of both forms is uncommon but possible.
The best differentiators is the small scale of European Map.
Here you can see the underside of Araschnia levana (European Map, Landkärtchen, La Carte Géographique).
Protection provisions / Red List
- CITES: (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora):
-no entry- (as at 23.06.2005)
- EU regulation on trading with species of wild Fauna and Flora
-no entry- (as at 19.08.2005)
- IUCN Red List of threatened species:
-no entry- (as at 2004) (see: www.redlist.org/)
- Red List of endangered species of Austria:
-endangered- (category 3)- (see: www.roteliste.at/)
- Regulation of the Viennese regional government:
-protected as imago- (see: www.wien.gv.at/recht/landesrecht-wien/rechtsvorschriften/html/l4800200.htm
Similar and closely-related species
Araschnia levana Linnaeus 1758
La Carte Géographique
Classification / Taxonomy / Family tree
- Kingdom: ANIMALIA
- Phylum: ARTHROPODA
- Class: INSECTA
- Order: LEPIDOPTERA
- Suborder: DITRYSIA
- Superfamily: PAPILIONOIDEA
- Family: NYMPHALIDAE
- Subfamilie: NYMPHALINAE
- Tribe: NYMPHALINI
- Genus: ARASCHNIA
- Specific name: LEVANA